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Bidding Information
Lot #    20194
Auction End Date    4/1/2008 10:30:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Ez Avot
Title (Hebrew)    עץ אבות
Author    R. Jacob Emden, et. al.
City    Sighet
Publisher    Abraham Kaufmann
Publication Date    1912
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   88 ff. quarto 262:204 mm., usual light age staining, wide crisp margins, stamps. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed.
   Four commentaries on Pirkei Avot with text, brought to press by R. Simhah Leib Fogel. The title page notes that it is a tree of life, the taste of its bark and fruit being equal, both of praiseworthy taste. The commentaries include the well known explanations of R. Obadiah Bertinoro (c. 1450–before 1516) and R. Yom Tov Lipmann Heller (Tosefot Yom Tov, 1579–1654), and the lesser known but important two part commentary of R. Jacob Emden (Yavez, 1697-1776). In addition, appended to the volume is the commentary of the Vilna Gaon (R. Elijah ben Solomon Zalman, 1720-1797). There are approbations from R. Israel ben Barukh Hager of Viznitz, R. Isaac Eizek Weiss of Spinka, R. Yuda Greenwald of Satmer, R. Abraham Joseph Weiss of Hust, and R. Judah Joel Deutsch. There is a brief introduction from R. Fogel, the introduction of Yavez, a list of abbreviations, and the text. Ez Avot consists of the text of Pirkei Avot in vocalized square letters with the commentary of R. Bertinoro in the inner margin, Tosefot Yom Tov in the outer margin, and below the dual commentaries of Yavez, Lehem Shamayim and lehem Nekudim. In the former Yavez discusses variant readings, determining the correct one by linguistic considerations. The commentary of the Vilna Gaon follows the text of Avot. At the end of the volume (84a-88a) is a two column list of supporters who made publication possible.

R. Bertinoro's fame rests on his commentary on the Mishnah which was completed in Jerusalem and published in Venice (1548–49). It has become the standard commentary on the Mishnah as is Rashi's on the Talmud. This commentary was published with the text in almost every edition of the Mishnah. Written in an easy, lucid style, it draws largely on Rashi, often quoting him literally, and on Maimonides, whose rulings he cites. For the sections of Mishnah which have no Talmud he drew on the commentary of R. Samson b. Abraham of Sens and of R. Asher b. Jehiel. Tosefot Yom Tov, by R. Yom Tov Lipmann Heller was so named because its purpose was to serve as an addition (tosefet) and exposition, supplement and work of source reference to the Mishnah commentary of Obadiah of Bertinoro. In it are traced the sources of the Bertinoro commentary, explained obscurities, examined and also criticized its conclusions in the sphere of halakhah, and made linguistic comments. In it R. Heller explained the words grammatically, noted the halakhah on the basis of the Talmud and the rishonim and aharonim and took care to establish accurate readings, most of which he added to the second edition of his commentary, through clarification and elucidation of the text on the basis of various manuscripts and earlier published works. Heller endeavored to reconcile the contradictions between one Mishnah and another by means of straightforward and logical rationalization. All his comments are formulated with the utmost simplicity—and here he follows in the footsteps of his teacher R. Judah Loew b. Bezalel, who opposed the method of pilpul. Despite his positive attitude to Kabbalah, he refrained from relying upon it in deciding the halakhah, since "in explaining the Talmud, we have no dealings at all with esoteric matters" (Ma'adanei Yom Tov; Ber. 1). In his opinion the Mishnah might be interpreted differently from the explanation given in the Talmud, "providing no decisions which contradict the view of the authors of the Gemara are given" (Tosefot Yom Tov to Naz. 5:5). In his introduction he formulated his attitude to the commentary of Bertinoro: "My task, however, is to examine carefully in the Mishnah in order to see whether anything requires explanation that has not been explained in the commentary of the Rav [Bertinoro], or whether there is a contradiction from some other Mishnah to which he has not drawn attention, and also whether there is anything in his commentary for which an explanation and reason has to be given, as well as if there be any contradiction in the commentary itself, and more so from the Mishnah.

Paragraph 2    ... למסכת אבות [עם הפנים. מנוקד]... שלשה המה מטיבי סעד למשנה, פי' הר"ב ברטנורא, תוי"ט [תוספות יום טוב] ולחם שמים ... והרביעי ... לחם נקודים (המחבר ... יעבץ ... יעקב [עמדן] ... [ובסופו] פי' אבות מהגר"א ... הוצאתי לאור ... כבראשונה ... שמחה יהודא (ליב) פויגיל) ...

שער-מעטפת. נוסח השער מהוצאת אמשטרדם תקי"א-תקי"ב, וכן ההסכמות. גוף הספר על-פי קראקא תרמ"ג, בהשמטת "לוח הטעות" שבחלקו תוקן בפנים. הסכמות חדשות: ר' ישראל בן מוהר"ב [ברוך האגר מוויזניץ], ג חקת תרע"א; ר' יצחק אייזיק [ווייס], סאפינקא, ט אייר תרמ"א [צ"ל: תרע"א]; ר' יודא ג"וו [גרינוואלד], סאטמאר, י תמוז תרע"א; ר' אברהם יוסף ג"וו, חוסט, א תמוז תרע"א; ר' יהודא יואל [דייטש], גאניטש, כא למב"י [ו אייר] תרע"א.

   BE ayin 1000; EJ; CD-EPI 0179253
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Other:    Hungary
Other:    Avot
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica