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Bidding Information
Lot #    20237
Auction End Date    4/1/2008 10:52:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Psalms with commentary of Rashbam
Title (Hebrew)    תהלים עם פירוש הרשב'ם
Author    [Bible - Psalms - Forgery] Rashbam
City    Vienna
Publisher    Georg Holzinger
Publication Date    1816
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   308 pp., 208:123 mm., wide margins, usual age and damp staining, stamps, old hands. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   Psalms with a commentary attributed to Rashbam (R. Samuel ben Meir). The title page informs that it is from a manuscript found in the royal library in Berlin. It is done so as to plumb the depths of the peshat (literal meaning) in a clear language, with glosses from R. Isaac ha-Levi Santow. There are approbations from R. Naphtali Hertz Katzenelbogen, R. Zevi Merlsih of London, and R. Joseph ben Baruch of Vienna, followed by a brief introduction from the Rashbam and a lengthier one from Satanow. The altter writes that as the Rashbam was known to be concise he saw fit to add annotations in several places where he felt it was necessary to do so. There is a yehi ratzon followed by the text, comprised of Tehillim at the top of the page and the Rashbam’s commentary below in rabbinic type. It was the opinion of Rosenthal that the commentary was in fact the work of Satanow rather than the Rashbam.

R. Samuel ben Meir (Rashbam) was the grandson of Rashi. He was born in 1083 in Ramerupt and died in 1174. He studied with both of them. Apparently, there were some occasions when Rashi accepted to Rashbam's opinions and amended his commentary accordingly. to Rashbam raised sheep and wine grapes. He was one of the teachers of his brother, Rabbenu Tam. Although he wrote a commentary to the entire Bible, only his Torah commentary was known to be extant. He was a text literalist and objected to his grandfather's use of midrash and exegesis. Unlike his grandfather, he viewed cantillation marks as significant to understanding the meaning of the text. He viewed his commentary as complementary to Rashi's. Rashbam wrote numerous piyyutim, and he was also one of the first tosafot. In two places (where his grandfather did not have commentary), to Rashbam's explanations are printed where Rashi normally appears. Unlike his grandfather, his explanations tended to be lenghty. His additional discussions (tosafot) to the Talmud were influenced by Alfasi's code.

          
Paragraph 2    עם פירוש הרשב"ם (שמואל בן מאיר) הנמצא בברלין בכ"י בבית עקד הספרים אשר להמלך... והושם עליו נוספות הגהות מהמדקדק... ר' יצחק הלוי סטנאב...

בסוף הקדמתו כותב המוציא לאור: "והנה בעבור שהרשב"ם דרכו לקצר... ראיתי כי טוב לשום עליו הגהות נוספות בקצת מקומות... כל מקום שנרשם עליו כוכב וחצי לבנה... הוא תוספת והגהה מידי". ובדף [1,ב] (בסוף הספר): "מודעא,נאום הלוי... הביאור מיוחס להרשב"ם... בכ"י אשר ממנו העתקתי שלט בו הרקב, ויאכל חצי דפיו ולפעמים דפים שלימים, לכן ידע הקורא שרוב זה הפי' משלי הוא". ועיין: רוזנטאל, יודע ספר, עמ' 485, הכותב שהפירוש אינו של הרשב"ם, כי אם של יצחק הלוי סאטאנוב.

          
Reference
Description
   www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Rashbam.html; Rosenthal Yode’ah Sefer p. 485; CD-EPI 0304981
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Austria
  
Subject
Bible:    Checked
Other:    Psalms
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica