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Bidding Information
Lot #    20265
Auction End Date    4/1/2008 11:06:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Yiss'a Is'h
Title (Hebrew)    יש'א אי'ש
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Jacob Saul Elyashar
City    Jerusalem
Publisher    Samuel haLevi Zuckerman
Publication Date    1896
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [1], 121; [1], 16 ff., 344:213 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining, title letters in gild, old hand on title. A very good copy bound in contemporary half leather and paper over boards, rubbed.
   Homilies by R. Jacob Saul Elyashar, Sephardi chief rabbi of Erez Israel (rishon le-Zion). A grandson of R. Jacob ben Hayyim Elyashar, he was born in Safed. His father, a dayyan, shohet, and cantor there, was arrested by the Turkish authorities, but succeeded in escaping and settled with his family in Jerusalem. When R. Jacob Saul was seven, he lost his father, and his mother remarried in 1828. His stepfather, R. Benjamin Mordecai Navon, became his teacher and supported him for many years. R. Elyashar married the daughter of hakham bashi, R. Raphael Meir Panigel. He was appointed a dayyan in Jerusalem in 1853, and in 1869 head of the bet din. He succeeded his father-in-law as hakham bashi and rishon le-Zion in 1893.

A cultured scholar and a fluent linguist, R. Elyashar wrote thousands of responsa in answer to questions from both Ashkenazim and Sephardim all over the world. He was respected by the authorities and the heads of other religious communities, and received orders of merit from the Turkish sultan, Abdul Hamid, in 1893, and the German kaiser, William II, in 1898. He was accepted by both the Sephardi and Ashkenazi communities and worked hard to put religious institutions in Jerusalem on a solid foundation. The affection in which he was held is reflected in the fact that he was referred to as “Yissa Berakhah” (“conferring a blessing”), the word Yissa (ישא) being derived from the Hebrew initials of his name. He enjoyed marked success as an emissary to Smyrna (1845), Damascus (1854), Alexandria (1856), and Leghorn (1873).

In 1888 when a controversy arose as to the permissibility of working on the land during the following year, a sabbatical year, R. Elyashar decided that such work could be permitted by selling the land formally to a non-Jew, but suggested that each Jewish agricultural settlement leave a small portion of land uncultivated as a symbol and reminder of the commandment. R. Elyashar died in Jerusalem, where the Givat Sha'ul district is named after him.

Paragraph 2    ... ספר יש"א אי"ש >תשו'<, וס' דברי אי"ש <דרושים>, דברי אגדה ... מאתי ... יעקב שאול אלישר ... ן' לאותו צדיק ... אליעזר ירוחם אלישר זצוק"ל ...

[1], טז דף האחרונים כוללים ס' דברי אי"ש, עם שער מיוחד: ספר דברי אי"ש ... דברי אגדה. אשר דרשתי בקהל עם ... שנת תשמיעני ש'ש'ו'ן' ושמחה תגלנה עצמות דכית [תרנ"ו]. מעבר לשער הקדמת בני ... המחבר: חיים משה אלישר, נסים בנימין מרדכי אלישר. כולל הספדים, דרשות למינוי רב, לשבת כלה. בעמ' האחרון שני "שירי תהלה": לכבוד שולטן עבד אלחמיד כאן ("שיר אשר שוררו ילדי הת"ת ונערי בני ישראל אשר בישי' תפארת ירושלים יכב"ץ ביום המינוי") ולכבוד התנא רמבעה"נ.

   CD-EPI 0110525; EJ
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
Homiletics:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica