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Bidding Information
Lot #    20267
Auction End Date    4/1/2008 11:07:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Sha’arei Zedek
Title (Hebrew)    שערי צדק
Author    [Only Ed.] R. David Ben Shmieon
City    Jerusalem
Publisher    Israel Bak
Publication Date    1862
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. 203 ff., 343:210 mm., extra wide margins, usual light age staining, without 28 ff. at end as usual, hands. A very good copy bound in contemporary half leather and marbled paper over boards, rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   On the religious duty of settling in Erez Israel by R. David Ben Shmieon (1825–1879), Moroccan rabbi (known as "Zuf Devash"), founder of the Moroccan (Moghrabi) Jewish community of Israel. R. David b. Shimeon was born in Rabat, Morocco. In 1854 he left for Erez Israel as part of the Moroccan immigration which had been growing continuously since the 1830s. These immigrants were mostly poor Jews who were motivated to leave by the deterioration of the position of the Jews in Morocco, the improvement of conditions in Erez Israel, and messianic hopes. All attempts of the Moghrabis to establish themselves as a separate community, independent of the dominant Sephardi community, met with determined opposition on the part of the latter, who even leveled accusations at them before the Turkish and consular authorities, with the result that some of their leaders were imprisoned.

Aided by the Ashkenazim in Jerusalem, R. David finally succeeded in 1860 in establishing the separate Moghrabi community, arriving at an agreement with the Sephardim as to the allocation of the funds received by them from abroad. R. David applied himself vigorously to the needs of his community. He sent emissaries abroad on their behalf and built residential areas for them, including the suburb Mahaneh Israel (1867), schools, and synagogues.

R. David b. Shimeon's works on halakhah and aggadah deal with the religious duty of settling in Erez Israel. They include Sha'ar Zedek (1862) and Sha'ar ha-Mifkad (with additions by his son Raphael Aaron; 1908–9). His other works are no longer extant.

          
Paragraph 2    ...יפרד והיה לארבעה ראשים: שער החצר: שער המטרה: שער הקדים: שער המפקד ... שער החצר כשמו כן הוא ... הקדמות מרז"ל מהמפרשים ... ממעלות אדמת הקדש ... במספר תרי"ג [מאת ר' דוד בן שמעון] ... שנת ב'ר'כ'ת' ה' היא תעשיר
          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0122642; Halevy 72
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
Halacha:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica