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Bidding Information
Lot #    20297
Auction End Date    4/1/2008 11:22:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Mishnat Rabbi Ya’akov
Title (Hebrew)    משנת רבי יעקב
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Jacob ben Elisha Jacob Schorr (Shor)
City    Piotrkow
Publisher    Henokh Pulman
Publication Date    1930
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [4], 13, [1], [1], 4-56 pp. quarto 254: 170 mm. chipped, loose in original binding.
   Only edition of this commentary on the Tosefta by R. Jacob ben Elisha Jacob Schorr (Shor, 1853-1924). The title page describes it as an introduction to the Tosefta and informs that it shines a bright light on the Tosefta, the manner of its arrangement and authorship and the Toseftot brought in the Babylonian Talmud. It also relates that R.Schorr was also the author of Einei Hakhamim, Divrei Ya’akov, Itim le-Binah, and Shass. The work begins with a preface from R. Jacob Schorr av bet din of Kotav and then Zikhor Zot le-Ya’akov, biographical information about the late author by R. Israel Issur ben Isaac ha-Kohen Feigenbaum. The text of Mishnat Rabbi Ya’akov is set in two columns in rabbinic letters. At the end is Kol Ya’akov, a eulogy by the author for R. Isaac ha-Kohen Feigenbaum. The cover has the heading Ozar ha-Torah, noting that this is a volume in the series of manuscripts of sages to be published. Mishnat Rabbi Ya’akov is the first work of that series to be brought to press.

Tosefta are literally an "additional" or "supplementary" halakhic or aggadic tradition, i.e., one not included in the Mishnah of R. Judah ha-Nasi . Originally the term was used to designate any individual additional or supplementary tannaitic tradition, and so was virtually synonymous with the later Babylonian term baraita . In the later Babylonian tradition the term "tosefta" was used to designate a particular body of such baraitot (Kid. 49b; Meg. 28b; Shav. 41b), and eventually it came to denote a particular literary work, "the Tosefta" – a collection of halakhic and aggadic baraitot, organized according to the order of the Mishnah, and serving as a companion volume to it. Though there may once have been other such collections of tannaitic halakhot and aggadot, the Tosefta is the only such collection to have come down to us, and together with the extant Midrashei Halakhah , it provides the student with direct access to a large body of ancient tannaitic sources, without the mediation of later amoraic and post-amoraic talmudic tradition. In most respects, the Tosefta is identical to the Mishnah. Its Hebrew language is similar in all essential points to the language of the Mishnah, and seems unaffected by later dialects of amoraic Hebrew. The content, terminology, and formal structures of the halakhah in the Tosefta are the same as those in the Mishnah. The tannaim mentioned in the Tosefta are the same as those mentioned in the Mishnah, with the exception that the Tosefta also mentions scholars from the two following generations – almost all either direct descendents of the tannaim mentioned in the Mishnah, or otherwise associated closely with the circle or the family of R. Judah Ha-Nasi. From all of this it would seem clear that the Tosefta which we possess today was redacted in the same circles in which the Mishnah was redacted – the school of R. Judah ha-Nasi – some 40 or 50 years later, and by his own disciples. Since the last prominent scholar to be mentioned in the Tosefta (twice only) is none other than R. Ḥiyya – a close relative and prime disciple of R. Judah ha-Nasi – it is not surprising that tradition has ascribed to R. Ḥiyya the redaction of the Tosefta, though there is no solid historical evidence which can confirm this suggestion. In addition to containing two additional layers of tannaitic traditions, there are two primary differences between the Mishnah and the Tosefta. First, the Tosefta is some three to four times larger than the Mishnah. Second, the overall order of the units of tradition found in the Tosefta is largely dictated, not by internal criteria, but rather by the external standard of the order of the Mishnah. It would therefore be fair to say that the Tosefta as a whole represents a kind of proto-talmud to the Mishnah – a large collection of tannaitic traditions whose purpose is to supplement, to complement, and in various other ways to expand upon the Mishnah of R. Judah Ha-Nasi.

Paragraph 2    מבוא על התוספתא. מפיץ אור ... על התוספתא ואופן סידורו ומי חיברו, וע"ד [ועל דבר] התוספתות המבואות בש"ס בבלי ובו יתבארו ... התוספתות מוקשי ההבנה, מאת ... הרב ... יעקב שור זצ"ל אבד"ק קוטב ... ובראשו נלוה לו קונטרס זכור זאת ליעקב ... פרשת ... וקורות ימי חיו של ... המחבר ... מאת ... מו"ה צבי יחזקאל מיכלזאהן שליט"א אבד"ק פלונסק וכעת בועד הרבנים דפה ווארשא (המסדר ... ישראל איסר בהגאון מרן יצחק הכהן פייגענבוים זצ"ל) ... יוצא לאור ... ע"י ... יצחק בלאאמו"ר מוהרי"א (ר' ישראל איסר) הכהן פייגענבוים נ"י.

בשער המעטפת: אוצר התורה תוצאת כתבי יד מאת גאוני ורבני קשישאי נ"ע. ספר א: משנת רבי יעקב ... ווארשא תר"ץ. טכסט גם על המעטפת. מתוך הקדמת המסדר: בהתפרצות המלחמה העולמית ... נתאזרתי עוז ... לגמור סידור הספר ... בבית הדפוס ברוב פאר ... והמאטריצין ... נשארו תח"י [תחת ידי] והספר לא ראה אור ... עמ' [1]: מכתב עוז, מאת ר' צבי הירש ב"ר אהרן נפתלי זאוולאדאווער אב"ד קלטשעוו, תלמיד המחבר. כולל רשימת ספריו של המחבר. עמ' 56-52: דרוש הספד, מאת ... המחבר זצ"ל על ... מרן יצחק הכהן פייגענבוים זצ"ל הראב"ד דק"ק ווארשא. קונטרס זכור זאת ליעקב (יג עמ') כולל גם שני מכתבים, מבן המחבר ר' אלכסנדר סנדר (מרדכי) שור נ"י מיאסי "וכעת בירושלים", ובהם פרטים נוספים מתולדות המחבר.

   BE mem 4219; EJ; CD-EPI 0169193
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Other:    Talmud
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica