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Bidding Information
Lot #    20400
Auction End Date    4/1/2008 12:13:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Perate-kol
Title (Hebrew)    פרטי-כל
Author    [Zionism] Histadrut Agudat Yisrael HaOlamit
City    [Jerusalem]
Publication Date    1958
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [3] p. 328:210 mm., creased, carbon copy of typewritten report, light age staining.
          
Paragraph 1    The minutes of a meeting of the World Organization of Agudat Yisrael held in Shevat 5718 (1958). Those present included: R. Y.M. Levin, Dr. P. Schlesinger, R. Moshe Porush, R. S. Lorentz and Mr. A. Trager. The minutes are typewritten in Hebrew and they are divided into 12 topics, which include a report on a meeting with Ministers Eshkol and Aren, The World Religious Congress, etc, and also the scandal about a swimming pool and the final topic--the proposal of Mr. Zohar for a project perpetuating the memory of the Kedoshim (those killed in the Holocaust).
          
Detailed
Description
   Agudat Israel, world Jewish movement and political party seeking to preserve Orthodoxy by adherence to halakhah as the principle governing Jewish life and society. The ideal on which Jewish life should be modeled, in the view of Agudat Israel, is embodied in the social and religious institutions, the way of life and mores, that obtained in the Diaspora centers in Eastern and Central Europe in the 19th century. Its geographical and linguistic orientation made it automatically a purely Ashkenazi movement. The formation of an organized movement and political party to achieve these aims was itself an innovation. It was deemed necessary to present a viable counterforce to the advances made by assimilation and Reform trends, and by Zionism, the Bund, and autonomism in Jewry. The establishment of a movement was discussed in 1909 by members of the German neo-Orthodox group, but internal dissension in the Orthodox camp delayed it for three years. The final impetus was given when the tenth Zionist Congress decided to include cultural activities in its program, thereby recognizing a secular Jewish culture coexistent with the religious. Some members of the Mizrachi party left the Zionist movement and joined the founders of Agudat Israel in an assembly held in May 1912 at Kattowitz in Upper Silesia.

Agudat Israel became a political party when the State of Israel was founded in 1948 and has been represented in all national and municipal bodies. Its leader, R. Y. M. Levin, was minister of social welfare from 1949 to 1952. In all these institutions Agudat Israel fought for the observance of the halakhah in public life. Its principal campaigns have been in the field of education and, in 1953, after the educational "trends" were abolished and a unified school system established under the law of compulsory free education, Agudat Israel organized an independent school system of its own. It has also achieved the exemption of "religious" girls and of yeshivah students from military service.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica