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Bidding Information
Lot #    22221
Auction End Date    12/23/2008 11:08:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Sipure hap-pela'ot:oder gerimte gesichte
Title (Hebrew)    ספורי הפלאות
City    Warsaw
Publication Date    1890
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   54 pp., 235:140 mm., heavy age staining, chipping, not bound.
          
Detailed
Description
   A collection of stories in Yiddish about the wondrous acts of R. Judah ben Samuel He-Hasid, and also of his father, R. Samuel ben Kalonymus of Speyer. The title page indicates that these stories were first published in the year 1805.

R. Judah ben Samuel He-Hasid (c. 1150–1217), main teacher of the Hasidei Ashkenaz movement. R. Judah was one of the most prominent scholars of the Middle Ages in the fields of ethics and theology. He probably lived some time in Speyer, and then moved to Regensburg (he was sometimes called "Rabbi Judah of Regensburg"). Very little of his life is known from contemporary sources. However, many legends about his life dating from 15th- and 16th-century sources have survived. In them, he is described as a mystic (whereas his brother Abraham is described as the scholar of halakhah) who performed many miracles in order to save the Jews from the gentiles. Judah taught and practiced extreme humility. He even forbade an author to sign a book he wrote, because his sons might take pride in their father's fame. This seems to be the reason why his works were circulated as anonymous works. His descendants helped propagate his teachings. His son R. Moses wrote a commentary on the Pentateuch; his grandson R. Eleazar b. Moses ha-Darshan wrote works in esoteric theology, and his great-grandson, R. Moses b. Eleazar, who was a kabbalist, tried to harmonize Ashkenazi-hasidic teaching with the Kabbalah. However, his most prominent pupil, whose writings popularized R. Judah's teachings among the Jews in Germany and elsewhere, was R. Eleazar b. Judah of Worms. Even though R. Judah did not write in the field of halakhah and ritual practice, many later Ashkenazi writers depended on his teachings and practices in their works. Most of R. Judah's writings in esoteric theology have not survived. His major work was probably Sefer ha-Kavod ("Book of Divine Glory"), of which only quotations in later works have survived. He also wrote a voluminous commentary on the prayers, of which only a small part is known today. Besides these major works, a few small ones have survived: Sod ha-Yihud ("The Secret of God's Unity"); exegesis of a few piyyutim; and some short magical treatises. Because he did not sign his writings, some works by others have been attributed to him, e.g., R. Eleazar of Worms' Sefer ha-Hokhmah. In ethics, his main work was his contribution to the Sefer Hasidim, of which he was the principal author. R. Eleazar edited a short treatise on teshuvah ("repentance") which R. Judah wrote, and a short collection of ethical and magical paragraphs was published as Zavva'at Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid ("The Will of Rabbi Judah the Pious," Cracow, 1891).

          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Yiddish
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica