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Bidding Information
Lot #    22229
Auction End Date    12/23/2008 11:12:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Akdomus
Title (Hebrew)    אקדמות
Author    [Unrecorded - Only Ed.] Jakob Grynszpan, ed.
City    Ostrów Mazowiecka
Publisher    Druk. A.W. Rubina w Ostrowi
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Single page 225:157 mm., light age staining.
Paragraph 1    An irreverent parody of the Shavuot piyyut Akdomut put out by the Democratischer Arbeiter list in Ostrów Mazowiecka. This parody is written in Yiddish.
   Akdamut Milin (or Akdamus Milin, The Introduction) is a prominent piyyut (Jewish liturgical poem) recited annually on Shavuot. It was penned by Rabbi Meir bar Yitzchak of Worms, Germany, who lived in the 11th century. Akdamut consists entirely of praise for God and is written in Aramaic. Akdamut is read on Shavuot prior to the reading of the Torah. In most synagogues it is read responsively: the baal koreh singing two verses, and the congregation responding with two more. Akdamut is formed as a double alphabetic acrostic, and then spells out the words, "Meir, son of Rabbi Isaac, may he grow in Torah and in good deeds. Amen. Be strong and have courage."

Akdamut has 45 two-line verses in total. Its language is terse and complicated, and it is replete with references to Torah and Talmud. Each line concludes with the syllable "-ta" (tav-aleph), the last and first letters of the Hebrew alphabet. The encoded message from the author is that a Jew never stops learning Torah - when one finishes, one must start anew again. This message was appropriately chosen for Shavuot, since the holiday commemorates the Jews accepting the Torah on Mount Sinai.

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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
20th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Parody:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Yiddish
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica