||Tehinot for Rosh Ha-Shanah and Yom Kippur for the Jewish community of Bombay. The title page and text are in Hebrew but the verso of the title page is, excepting publication date in English, in Marathi, the language of the Bene Israel, The largest Jewish community of Indian Jews. The title page informs that it was compiled by the teacher Benjamin Ashtamcar and printed Simeon Jacob Kharilkar at his press, the Bombay Hebrew publishing and printing press. It is dated “snuffers מזמרות (693 = 1933), basins” (II Kings 12:14) from the verse “But there were not made for the house of the Lord bowls of silver, snuffers, basins, trumpets, any utensils of gold, or utensils of silver, from the money that was brought to the house of the Lord.” The text is entirely in vocalized square Hebrew letters.
Tehinnot are private devotions, often the source for later public prayers. They are a private, spontaneous and inspired form of expression representing the craving of the soul. They may be understood as in keeping with Berakhot (28b), which states, Do not make your prayer routine, but rather free supplications and petitions before God.” Tehinnot were written through the ages by men of piety; they have been described as a rivulet of that warm and soulful outpouring [that] never ran dry in Israel. They have been written through the generations to express plights, needs, wishes, and aspirations which move the heart. Originally in Hebrew, they have been written in al languages spoken by Jews.
Hebrew printing began in Bombay with the arrival of Yemenite Jews in the middle of the 19th century. They took an interest in the religious welfare of the Bene Israel, for whom - as well as for themselves - they printed various liturgies from 1841 onward, some with translations into Marathi, the vernacular of the Bene Israel. Apart from a short lived attempt to print with movable type, all this printing was by lithography. In 1882, the Press of the Bombay Educational Society was established (followed in 1884 by the Anglo-Jewish and Vernacular Press, in 1887 by the Hebrew and English Press, and in 1900 by the Lebanon Printing Press), which sponsored the publication of over 100 Judeo-Arabic books to meet their liturgical and literary needs, and also printed books for the Bene Israel.
|| לימים ראש השנה וליום כפור, הלוקטים[!] על ידי מלמד שלום בנימן אשטמכר. נדפס על ידי שמעון בן יעקב כרילכר...
שער נוסף במאראטי. בקשות ופיוטים, תוספת לסדר התפילה של ראש השנה ויום כיפור. שונה מהוצאות במבי תרצ"ו, 1935 ובמבי תרצ"ו, 1936.