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Bidding Information
Lot #    22355
Auction End Date    12/23/2008 12:15:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Shulhan Arukh ha-Rav , Volume II
Title (Hebrew)    שלחן ערוך הרב, חלק ב' או'ח
Author    [Habad] R. Shneur Zalman of Liady
City    Zhitomir
Publisher    Shapira Brothers
Publication Date    1859
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [3], 240 ff., 216:130 mm., wide margins, usual age and damp staining, initial 10 ff. from another copy foxed and wormed. A good copy bound in modern boards.
   The Shulhan Arukh of R. Shneur Zalman of Liady (1745–1813), the founder of Habad Hasidism. He was according to family traditions born in Liozna, Belorussia, on the 18th of Elul. After his marriage in 1760 he devoted himself to Torah study. Concluding that he knew "a little about learning, but nothing about prayer" in 1764 he decided to learn about Hasidism from R. Dov Baer the Maggid of Mezhirech, leader of the Hasidic movement. In Mezhirech he became one of the inner circle of the Maggid's pupils. Although he was one of the youngest pupils, the Maggid had a high opinion of him, and in 1770 delegated to him the task of composing a new and up-to-date Shulhan Arukh. R. Shneur Zalman worked on this book for many years, but published only small parts of it. About one-third was printed posthumously (the rest had been destroyed by fire) and is known as the "Shulhan Arukh of the Rav" (1814). Though not a chasidic work, it represents - as the Maggid had intended - a great halakhic achievement. It evidences R. Shneur Zalman's superb Hebrew style, his ability to provide lucid explanation, and profundity without complexity. It became an authoritative halakhic source among observant Jews.

In 1847 the Shapira printing press was established by the three brothers Hanina Lipa, Aryeh Leib, and Joshua Heschel Shapira, sons of R. Samuel Abraham Abba Shapira, the printer in Slavuta. Until 1862 this was one of the only two Hebrew presses the Russian government permitted to operate in the whole of Russia, the other being in Vilna. This press had 18 hand presses and four additional large presses. In 1851 Aryeh Leib broke away and established his own printing press in Zhitomir. In these two establishments only sacred books of every kind were printed. Zhitomir imprints are not common as they were consistently and continuously used by Hasidim, causing extreme wear and the destruction of many copies.

Paragraph 2    שני שערים. הראשון מקוצר ובו שם הספר ומקום הדפוס בדיו אדומה. נדפס דף-על-דף ושורה-על-שורה (פרט ל"מהדורא בתרא" בחלק ב) על- פי זיטאמיר תרט"ז, עם ההקדמות וההסכמות.
   Mundschein, Zifrei Ha-Halacha shel Admor Ha-Zakan p. 98-101; EJ; CD-EPI 0181051 (incomplete set)
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Hasidic:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica