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Bidding Information
Lot #    26128
Auction End Date    3/23/2010 10:02:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    The Menorah, Vol. VI
Title (Hebrew)    A monthly magazine
Author    [Periodical] Benjamin Franklin Peixotto, editor
City    New York
Publisher    Menorah Publishing Company
Publication Date    1889
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. iv, 77, [5], 80-195, 2-4, [1 foldout], 197-339 pp., [1 illus], 238:153 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed.
   Benjamin Franklin Peixotto (18341890), was a lawyer, diplomat, and Jewish communal leader. Born in New York City, he was brought by his family to Cleveland, then back to New York, later resettling in Cleveland during 184766. There he became a clothing merchant, and also frequently wrote editorials for the daily Cleveland Plain Dealer. Peixotto was a founder and president of the Mercantile Library Association and Lyceum, and a follower of Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, under whose guidance he studied law. A trustee and founder of the Sunday School at Congregation Tifereth Israel (now The Temple), he served as Grand Sar (president) of B'nai B'rith during 186364 and was the prime mover for its Jewish Orphan Asylum (now Bellefaire) established in Cleveland in 1869. In 1866 Peixotto moved to New York to practice law, then transferred to San Francisco in 1869.

Early in 1870, moved by the Romanian persecution of Jews, Peixotto succeeded in becoming the first U.S. consul in Bucharest, appointed by President Grant through the intervention of the Seligmans . His financial needs in the unpaid position, as well as political support, were provided, not always reliably, by a group of wealthy U.S. Jews, along with the B'nai B'rith, the Board of Delegates of American Israelites, and prominent French and English Jews led by Sir Francis Goldsmid. In Bucharest Peixotto pressed vigorously for Jewish emancipation, to which Romanian Jews were legally entitled by the Treaty of Paris of 1856, and also took the initiative in founding Jewish schools, cultural societies, and Romanian B'nai B'rith, as part of his plan to modernize Jewish life in that country. Although he accomplished little toward emancipation, his well-publicized presence inhibited new antisemitic legislation and avoided or mitigated several pogroms. His unofficial inquiry in the summer of 1872 about the possibility of large-scale Romanian Jewish immigration to the U.S. was loudly endorsed by that regime, but scandalized most of Peixotto's backers and was rejected by them as a policy. Although much embarrassed, he continued to endorse emigration privately while serving in Bucharest until 1876. From 1877 to 1885 Peixotto was U.S. consul in Lyons, and then lived in New York City, engaging in law, Republican politics, and Jewish communal affairs until his death.

   EJ; Singerman S235
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
America-South America:    Checked
Other:    Periodical
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    English
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica