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Bidding Information
Lot #    26264
Auction End Date    3/23/2010 11:10:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Pardes Rimonim
Title (Hebrew)    פרדס רמונים
Author    [Women - Only Ed.] R. Moses Isaac Avigdor
City    Vilna
Publisher    Abraham Isaac Dorzez
Publication Date    1868
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [2], 96 ff. folio 330:195 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed and split.
   Only edition of these halakhic novellae on hilkhot Niddah by R. Moses Isaac ben Samuel Avigdor (1801-65), who served as rav in the communities of Slonim, Vasilishik, Sinai, Kovno, and Shklov. It is a detailed explanation of the halakhic in Yoreh De’ah and of the interpretations of the Taz (R. David ben Samuel ha-Levi) and of Siftei Kohen (R. Shabbetai ha-Kohen, Shakh). There is an introduction from R. Abraham Samuel, the author’s son, who brought the Pardes Rimonim to press, and then the text, in two columns in rabbinic letters.

The halakhot of niddah are equally complex and important. They deal with the laws of "menstruous woman"). According to Jewish law, a woman is forbidden to maintain sexual relations with her husband during and for some time both before and after her menses. The laws relating to the menstruous woman comprise some of the most fundamental principles of the halakhic system, while a scrupulous observance of their minutiae has been one of the distinguishing signs of an exemplary traditional Jewish family life. Among the most difficult and intricate in the entire range of the halakhah, these laws are elucidated in a lengthy and detailed tractate of the same name devoted to the subject (see Niddah, tractate). The historical development of the relevant halakhot through the centuries is likewise extremely complicated. To decide a law relating to a menstruous woman demands, besides a profound knowledge of the halakhah, experience in various medical matters, and at times also the ability to assume the grave responsibility of disqualifying a woman from pursuing a normal married life and of—at times—separating her forever from her husband. In every generation and in every place there have generally been men, referred to in the Talmud simply as "sages," who specialized in the subject, as did eminent tannaim and amoraim, to whom particularly difficult questions were sent, even from remote places, together with specimens of blood (Nid. 20b). In brief, the halakhah as at present codified is that sexual intercourse (and any other intimacies which may lead to it) is forbidden from the time the woman expects her menses until seven clean days (i.e., days on which no blood whatsoever is seen) have elapsed. For this purpose a minimum of five days is fixed for the menses themselves. Thus the minimum period of separation is 12 days. In the evening of the seventh day without sign of blood the woman immerses herself in a mikveh and normal marital relations are resumed until the next menses are expected. Any bleeding is considered as menstrual and requires a waiting period of seven clean days. The laws of niddah are codified in the Shulhan Arukh, Yoreh De'ah, 183–200.

Paragraph 2    והוא באור על יו"ד [יורה דעה] הלכות נדה ויפרד לשני ראשים מקשה זהב והוא ביאור ... דברי רבינו הט"ז. ושפתי חכם ... כוונת דברי הש"ך. עם פתיחה כוללת ... בשם פתחי נדה ... מאת כבוד רב ... משה יצחק אביגדור נ'ע. אשר אור תורתו זרח בק"ק סלאנים, וואשילישק, סייני, קאוונא ... ולבסוף ימיו ... בעיר ... שקלאב ...,p> דף [2]: מבוא הפרדס, מאת ר' אברהם שמואל, בן המחבר, שהביא את הספר לדפוס.
   CD-EPI 0105355; BE peh 627: EJ
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Other:    Women
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica