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Bidding Information
Lot #    26281
Auction End Date    3/23/2010 11:18:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Collage of Aleppo Rabbinate
Title (Hebrew)    ...מהתוקופה האחרונה בארם צובה תמונות הרבנים...
City    [New York]?
Publication Date    1960's
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [1] p., 278:216 mm., light age staining, on heavy paper.
   Collection of photos of the 19-20th century rabbinate of Aleppo. Aleppo (Ar. Haleb; called by the Jews Aram-Zova), second-largest city in Syria and the center of northern Syria. The Hebrew form of Aleppo (Haleb) is, according to a legend quoted by the 12th-century traveler, Pethahiah of Regensburg , derived from the tradition that Abraham pastured his sheep on the mountain of Aleppo and distributed their milk (halav) to the poor on its slopes. According to Jewish tradition, mentioned by Rabbi Abraham Dayyan, the beginning of the community was in the era of Joab ben Zeruiah, the conqueror of the city in the time of King David, who also built the great synagogue. There are also other non-Jewish traditions which confirm the existence of the community in the Greek period. It would seem that the establishment of the Jewish community was in this period. Jewish settlement there has continued uninterruptedly since Roman times. The ancient section of the great synagogue was built in the form of a basilica with three stoae during the Byzantine period; an inscription on it dates from 834. The Jews lived in a separate quarter before the Muslim conquest in 636. They lived separately during the Muslim period in the northeastern area of the city. The most ancient synagogue, named Kanisat Mutakal, was built in the fourth century and was located in the Parafara quarter in the northeastern region of the city. It is the oldest Jewish building in the city. During the Muslim period the Jewish quarter was named Mahal al-Yahud. In the Seljuk period the Jewish quarter was spread over a large area of the walled city. On the south it bordered on the market street, on the west the castle, on the east the Dār Al-Bbatih food merchandise area, and on the north the wall and the Jewish gate (Bab al-Yahud). This latter gate was named from the end of the 12th century Bab al-Nasr (Victory Gate). In the anarchic period (1023–79) it seems that there were also Jews who lived outside the Jewish quarter. A document from the 12th century deals with a Jewish building in the market street. There was also a synagogue located in a new suburb outside the walls.
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
America-South America:    Checked
Other:    Syria
History:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica
Other:    Photo