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Megillat Esther ha-Sheniyah
מגלת אסתר השניה
R. Isaac ben Moses Rumsh
Judah Leib Lipman
This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
80 pp. octavo 160:112 mm., usual age staining. A good copy not bound.
Popular recounting of the miracle and the salvation that was done for our forefathers who dwelled in the lands of Poland and Lithuania by Esther the beloved of Casmir the great, king of Poland. The title page informs that it is written is a clear and lucid language, in a pleasant manner for those who love the Hebrew language. And at this time it is “a word spoken in due season” (Proverbs 15:23). It further informs that it has been translated from the Yiddish (Ashkenaz) almost entirely afresh in a Jewish spirit by Isaac ben Moses Rumsh, who was also the author of Cur Oni, Kinnat Sifrei Kodesh, and Shilumat Resha’im. There is a word to the reader from the author which begins that this narrative which he is placing before you today is not an imaginative story but rather is based on truth, factual events recorded in the histories of the kings of Poland. The king referred to was Casmir the great (1309-70) and who ruled from 1333. He was a peaceful ruler, and, by his salutary reforms, strengthened his reign and developed trade and industry. On Oct. 9, 1334, he confirmed the privileges granted to the Jews in 1264 by Boleslaw the Pious. He was favorably disposed toward the Jews, who during his reign made themselves conspicuous in commerce, handicrafts, and agriculture. Under penalty of death he prohibited the kidnaping of Jewish children for the purpose of baptizing them, and inflicted heavy punishment for the desecration of Jewish cemeteries. In 1356 Casimir became infatuated with a beautiful Jewess, named Esther (Esterka), a tailor's daughter of Opoczno. She bore him two sons (Niemerz and Pelka) and one daughter (not two, as stated by Grätz). The sons were brought up in the Christian religion; the daughter, in the Jewish. Many Polish noble families, as the Lubienski, Niemir, Niemiryez, Niemirowski, claim to be their descendants. Polish historians ascribe the special favors and privileges bestowed on the Jews by Casimir to his love for Esther; but they are not correct in this ascription, since the privileges in question were confirmed by Casimir in 1334, twenty-two years, before his relations with Esther. Czacki sees the origin of these favors in the king's sense of righteousness and justice. Czacki writes: "It is not known that the king granted to the Jews other privileges and rights owing, as Jan Dlugosz thinks, to his affection for Esterka. Envy and hatred surnamed this benefactor of the people 'Ahasuerus.' Poland, being a fertile but sparsely populated country, was in want of trade and industries. The Jews, who during the pestilence of 1360 fled from Germany, migrated to Poland with their wealth. It may also with certainty be admitted that foreign Jews provided Casimir with large sums of money, thus enabling him to found new cities and to develop many old ones."
ספור ... על דבר הנסים והתשועות אשר נעשו לאבותינו יושבי ארץ פולין וליטא על ידי אסתר אהובת קאזימיר הגדול מלך פולין ... נעתיק משפת אשכנז ([על פי] מאסף אשכנזי לשנת 1845 בשם ליליען, מאת Wachsmann .C) ונתקן כמעט כלו מחדש ... מאת יצחק בן משה רומש.
BE mem 525; JE; CD-EPI 0167412
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Kind of Judaica