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Bidding Information
Lot #    26382
Auction End Date    3/23/2010 12:09:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Sha’arei Zedek
Title (Hebrew)    שערי צדק
Author    [Only Ed.] R. David Ben Shmieon
City    Jerusalem
Publisher    Israel b. Abraham Bak
Publication Date    1862
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 203 ff., 320:198 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining, 28 ff. at end not present as usual. A very good copy not bound.
   On the religious duty of settling in Erez Israel by R. David Ben Shmieon (1825–1879), Moroccan rabbi (known as "Zuf Devash"), founder of the Moroccan (Moghrabi) Jewish community of Israel. R. David b. Shimeon was born in Rabat, Morocco. In 1854 he left for Erez Israel as part of the Moroccan immigration which had been growing continuously since the 1830s. These immigrants were mostly poor Jews who were motivated to leave by the deterioration of the position of the Jews in Morocco, the improvement of conditions in Erez Israel, and messianic hopes. All attempts of the Moghrabis to establish themselves as a separate community, independent of the dominant Sephardi community, met with determined opposition on the part of the latter, who even leveled accusations at them before the Turkish and consular authorities, with the result that some of their leaders were imprisoned.

Aided by the Ashkenazim in Jerusalem, R. David finally succeeded in 1860 in establishing the separate Moghrabi community, arriving at an agreement with the Sephardim as to the allocation of the funds received by them from abroad. R. David applied himself vigorously to the needs of his community. He sent emissaries abroad on their behalf and built residential areas for them, including the suburb Mahaneh Israel (1867), schools, and synagogues.

R. David b. Shimeon's works on halakhah and aggadah deal with the religious duty of settling in Erez Israel. They include Sha'ar Zedek (1862) and Sha'ar ha-Mifkad (with additions by his son Raphael Aaron; 1908–9). His other works are no longer extant.

Paragraph 2    ...יפרד והיה לארבעה ראשים: שער החצר: שער המטרה: שער הקדים: שער המפקד ... שער החצר כשמו כן הוא ... הקדמות מרז"ל מהמפרשים ... ממעלות אדמת הקדש ... במספר תרי"ג [מאת ר' דוד בן שמעון] ... שנת ב'ר'כ'ת' ה' היא תעשיר
   CD-EPI 0122642; Halevy 72
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
Other:    Morocco
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica