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Bidding Information
Lot #    28949
Auction End Date    1/25/2011 10:12:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Keter Kehunah
Title (Hebrew)    כתר כהונה
Author    [Noted Copy] R. Isaac Abraham Dob Baer ha-Kohen
City    Zholkva
Publisher    Abraham Judah Leib
Publication Date    1805
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [1], 77 ff., folio, 356:212 mm., nice margins, usual light age and damp staining, old hand, stamps, worming. Bound in later boards, rubbed and split.
Paragraph 1    The R. Azriel Hildesheimer (1820–1899) copy with his signature, stamp and plate. R. Hildesheimer, German rabbi, scholar, educator, and leader of Orthodox Jewry was born in Halberstadt into a family of scholars, received his early education in the local Jewish school. He continued his talmudic studies under R. Jacob Ettlinger in Altona and R. Isaac Bernays in Hamburg. At Berlin University he studied Semitics, philosophy, history, and science, and eventually received his doctorate from the University of Halle. By his marriage to the daughter of Aaron Hirsch he became financially independent, enabling him to pursue freely his university studies and his subsequent career.

In 1851 Hildesheimer was appointed rabbi of the Austro-Hungarian community of Eisenstadt; there he reorganized the educational system and established a yeshivah, where secular studies were included in the curriculum. The yeshivah was highly successful, and students came there from all over Europe. However, the great majority of Orthodox Hungarian rabbis bitterly opposed his modernism and the institution he created. In 1869 Hildesheimer accepted a call from Berlin to become rabbi of the newly founded Orthodox congregation, Adass Jisroel. In 1873 he established a rabbinical seminary which later became the central institution for the training of Orthodox rabbis in Europe. Hildesheimer shared with S. R. Hirsch the leadership of the Orthodox Jewish community of Germany. He was an active worker on behalf of stricken Jewish communities throughout the world. Throughout his life, he was an enthusiastic supporter of Palestine Jewry and the building of the yishuv. The Battei Mahaseh dwellings in the Old City of Jerusalem were erected on his initiative. In 1872 he founded a Palaestina Verein with the object of raising the educational and vocational standards of Jerusalem Jews, particularly by the establishment in 1879 of an orphanage. This drew on his head the bitter antagonism of the ultra-Orthodox old yishuv, which placed him under a ban (herem). Hildesheimer supported the Hovevei Zion and the colonization movement.

   Seventy-nine responsa on Orah Hayyim and Yoreh De’ah by R. Isaac Abraham Dob Baer ha-Kohen Katz (d. 1808). Described on the title page as part one, and, based the author’s description as a young man, Keter Kehunah was apparently written at an early age, R. Katz later served as the rav of several communities in Poland. He provides his ancestry on the title page, noting that he was a descendant of the Shakh and a grandson of R. Isaac, av bet din, Posen as Rav Feivesh, av bet din Cracow, of the Rema, as well as several other luminaries. There is an introduction on the verso of the title page, immediately followed by the responsa, set in two columns in rabbinic type. At the end of the volume is an index of the responsa. Among the more unusual responsa are if the Torah portion read for the third aliyah is the same as the first two aliyot if that is considered a third aliyah; on exchanging a prohibited substance (issur hanah) for oneself with that of others; and if someone sends a divorce to his wife in which it states that he is a Kohen and he is not a Kohen, is the divorce valid? Several of the responsa are halakhic novellae on earlier authorities such as the Beit Yosef and Rambam and on Talmudic subjects.
Paragraph 2    חלק ראשון מהשאלות ותשובות (חדושים על ד טורים) שחברתי... יצחק אברהם באמו"ר ... מו' דוב בערוש זצ"ל. בהרב... מהו' יצחק כ"ץ בהגאון... מ' משה כ"ץ בן... מהו' שבתי הכהן... בן... מהו' מאיר זצ"ל... נכד... מהו' יצחק זצ"ל האב"ד דק"ק פוזנא. ונין ונכד... מהו' פייבוש זצ"ל האב"ד דק"ק קראקא. ונין ונכד... הרמ"א ז"ל ונין ונכד... מהו' שאול וואהל בהגאון... מו' יהודא פאדווה תוך עמ' אני יושב... ק"ק פינטשוב... בשנת והיתה לכם לברית כ'ה'ונת' ע'ול'ם'

חלק ב: ("חדושי גפ"ת על רוב הש"ס... אשר חדשתי עם תלמידיי בני הישיבה") שהמחבר אמר להדפיס לא נדפס כאן.

   BE caph 755; CD-EPI 0141505
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica