The Jewish community of Bombay traces its origins to the mid-sixteenth century, and the foundation of a permanent Jewish settlement in Bombay to the second half of the eighteenth century by the Bene Israel who gradually moved from their villages in the Konkan region to Bombay. Cochin Jews strengthened the Bene Israel in their religious revival. The next largest wave of immigrants to Bombay consisted of Jewish merchants from Syria and Mesopotamia. The Arabic-speaking Jewish colony in Bombay was increased by the influx of other Arabian Jew from Surat, who, in consequence of economic changes there, turned their eyes to India. The prosperity of Bombay attracted a new wave of Jewish immigrants from Cochin, Yemen, Afghanistan, Bukhara, and Persia. With immigration to Israel the community has declined in numbers.