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Bidding Information
Lot #    29019
Auction End Date    1/25/2011 10:47:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    The poem Azaroth [Keter Malkhut]
Title (Hebrew)    אזהרות
Author    [First Marathi Ed.] R. Solomon ibn Gabirol
City    [Bombay]
Publisher    Aaron Jacob Divekar
Publication Date    1893
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition of translation. [5], 64, [2] pp., 8°, 160:118 mm., usual age staining, initial 2 ff. backed, some chipping, bound in modern green cloth boards.
   The poem Azaroth. Translated in Marathi verse by Mr. Benjamin Samson.

The peak of Ibn Gabirol's poetic achievement is Keter Malkhut, a long composition in rhymed prose dealing in high style with the essence of God, the work of the creation, with a description of the "spheres," and a confession of the low condition of man, prone to sin. The many editions, manuscripts, translations, and imitations of the work bear witness to the widespread and continuing admiration it has aroused.

The Jewish community of Bombay traces its origins to the mid-sixteenth century, and the foundation of a permanent Jewish settlement in Bombay to the second half of the eighteenth century by the Bene Israel who gradually moved from their villages in the Konkan region to Bombay. Cochin Jews strengthened the Bene Israel in their religious revival. The next largest wave of immigrants to Bombay consisted of Jewish merchants from Syria and Mesopotamia. The Arabic-speaking Jewish colony in Bombay was increased by the influx of other Arabian Jew from Surat, who, in consequence of economic changes there, turned their eyes to India. The prosperity of Bombay attracted a new wave of Jewish immigrants from Cochin, Yemen, Afghanistan, Bukhara, and Persia. With immigration to Israel the community has declined in numbers.

Paragraph 2    שער-מעטפת. שער נוסף במאראטי. עברית ומאראטי. מקור ותרגום פיסקה אחר פיסקה.
   CD-EPI 0176498; EJ
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    India
Liturgy:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew, Marathi
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica