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Bidding Information
Lot #    29156
Auction End Date    1/25/2011 11:55:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Mekor ha-Berakhot
Title (Hebrew)    מקור הברכות
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Zev Jawitz
City    Berlin
Publisher    Zevi Hirsch Itzkowitski
Publication Date    1910
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. viii, 97, [3] pp. octavo 194:132 mm., nice margins, usual age staining. A very good copy bound in modern boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Only edition of this work on the sources of the prayers, the dates of their compilation and composition by R. Zev Jawitz. Mekor ha-Berakhot is on all parts of the siddur and its development. There are Hebrew and German introductions, the latter printed at both ends of the book. In the introduction R. Jawitz that this book is only an entryway to knowledge of the Ashkenaz prayer book according to the Polish rite. In the future he hopes to bring out a larger more detailed work, Avodah she-be-Lev, although it would appear that only this work was published. Mekor ha-Berakhot addresses the words and sayings in a concise manner, contending that the entire siddur, from beginning to end, is not original but rather is a compendium of from the Bible or midrashim, as demonstrated in the book. R. Jawitz also addresses the intent of the siddur in arousing the heart in prayer and the importance of knowing the sources and purposes of blessings and prayers. It is based on the the Ashkenaz Polish rite because that is the most wide spread and, according to R. Jawitz, is more pure than the Sephardic rite.

R. Zev (Wolf) ben Sussman Jawitz (1847–1924), writer and historian. Jawitz was born in Kolno to a wealthy family distinguished in lineage, scholarship, and piety. After an unsuccessful attempt at business, he devoted all his time to writing and scholarship. He contributed to Smolenskin's Ha-Shahar (in no. 11 (1882), 41–48). Jawitz won public recognition with his article " Migdal ha-me'ah " ("Tower of the century," in S.P. Rabinowitz (ed.), Keneset Yisrael, 1 (1887); repr. in his Toledot Yisrael, 13 (1937), 189–250), a survey of Jewish history from the death of Mendelssohn in 1786 to the death of Montefiore in 1886. The work's originality lay in the author's command of sources in Hebrew and other languages; in the inner integrity of his approach, which was a mixture of Eastern European Judaism, the romanticism of Hibbat Zion, and the Judaism of Frankfurt Orthodoxy (often characterized by the phrase Torah im derekh erez, in the sense of "Torah and secular learning"); and in his writing style, a combination of biblical and scholarly Hebrew.

Settling in Erez Israel in 1888, Jawitz taught in Zikhron Ya'akov. His writings were widely published in Erez Israel in such periodicals as Haaretz, Peri ha-Arez (1892), and Ge'on ha-Arez (2 vols., 1893–94). He also wrote several textbooks, including Tal Yaldut (1891), Ha-Moriyyah (1894), Divrei ha-Yamim le-Am Benei-Yisrael (1894), Divrei Yemei ha-Ammim (1893–94), and books in which he attempted to relate legends in biblical style, as in Sihot minni Kedem (1887, 19272). His popular work Neginot minni Kedem (1892) appeared in several editions. In Erez Israel, Jawitz was active on the Va'ad ha-Lashon, the committee responsible for developing Hebrew as a modern language. He and his brother-in-law, J.M. *Pines, contributed to the development of modern Hebrew by introducing linguistic elements from the literature of the Mishnah, Talmud, and Midrash, e.g., tarbut ("culture") and kevish ("road"). Jawitz left Palestine in 1894, moving to Vilna, to Germany, and later to London. For a short while he was active in the foundation of *Mizrachi in Russia and edited the monthly journal Ha-Mizrah (1903–04). Simultaneously, Jawitz continued his major work, Toledot Yisrael … (14 vols., 1895–1940; the first part appeared in Warsaw, and the last five parts were published by B.M. Lewin in Tel Aviv, 1932–40). The first six parts (comprising the first section) deal with the Jews in their land, from the Patriarchal Age to the end of the period of R. Judah ha-Nasi; the next eight parts deal with the Jews among the nations of the world, from the period of the amoraim to Hibbat Zion. Although Jawitz was not a modern historian, his contribution to Jewish historiography is distinctive and valuable in that he infused his historical account with commitment to Orthodoxy and love for Erez Israel.

          
Paragraph 2    התפלות, הקריאות וכל חלקי הסדור למיניהם ולתולדותיהם מראשית יסודתם עד אחרית תוצאותיהם, מאת זאב יעבץ ...
          
Reference
Description
   BE men 3419; CD-EPI 0135987; S. Ernst (ed.), Sefer Jawitz… Zikkaron … (1934); A.S. Hirschberg, in: Z. Jawitz, Toledot Yisrael, 14 (1940), 121–63; M.L. Lilienblum, Kitvei …, 3 (1912), 133–84; J. Klausner, Yozerim u-Vonim, 2 (1930), 52–61; B. Dinur, Benei Dori (1963), 19–22; M. Eliash,Page 98 | Top of Article in: S.K. Mirsky (ed.), Ishim u-Demuyyot be-Hokhmat Yisrael … (1959), 155–73; Waxman, Literature, 4 (1960), 153–4, 454, 727–35.
        
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Customs:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica