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Bidding Information
Lot #    29237
Auction End Date    1/25/2011 12:36:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Avkat Rokhel
Title (Hebrew)    אבקת רוכל
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Hillel b. Baruch Lichtenstein
City    Lvov (Lemberg)
Publication Date    1883
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 25, [1], 180 ff. octavo 195:135 mm., age staining, loose in contemporary boards, split.
   Only edition of these important ethical responsa of R. Hillel ben Baruch Lichtenstein, one of the foremost rabbis in Hungary in the second half of the nineteenth century. This volume is part one, the second part being printed two years later. The text is preceded by R. Lichtenstein’s introduction and a list of the responsa. R. Hillel ben Baruch Lichtenstein, (1815–1891), Hungarian rabbi. Lichtenstein was one of the outstanding pupils of R. Moses Sofer . He first served as rabbi of Margarethen and in 1854 was elected rabbi of Kolozsvar, the capital of Transylvania. After 18 months he was compelled to leave the locality without officially assuming office, owing to his opposition to Abraham Friedman, rabbi of Transylvania, and because of the internal frictions in the community which were aggravated as a result. His refusal to go to Gyulafehérvár (Alba-Julia ), where the district rabbi had his seat, to receive his sanction to take up his post, as was then the custom, served as the formal reason for his departure. Between 1865 and 1867 he was rabbi of Szikszó, also in Hungary. He then moved to Galicia and became rabbi of Kolomyya (Kolomea). Lichtenstein was one of the dominant figures of the Orthodox community in their struggle with the reformers both before and after the great schism of 1869. He fought against any suspicion of reform in the life of the Jews, and sharply criticized those Orthodox Jews, including rabbis, who inclined to any kind of innovation in religious practices. He especially attacked those who attempted to preach in German, and even censured R. Azriel Hildesheimer on this account. Lichtenstein's pupils also served as uncompromising fighters against religious reforms. At rabbinical conventions in Hungary, called on his initiative, the main principles of extremist Orthodoxy for Hungarian Jewry were laid down. The first convention of this kind assembled in Sátoraljaújhely in 1864 but the main one took place in 1866 in Nagymihály (Michalovce) where resolutions were adopted excommunicating Reform Judaism and any rabbi preaching in German or any other European language. Ten takkanot were also enacted, which to this day serve as the basis of the separation between Orthodox Jews and reformers in Hungary. R. Lichtenstein wrote many books, including Maskil el Dal, 4 parts, sermons (1860–69); Shirei Maskil, on ethics (1877); and Et La'asot, in Yiddish, on ethics, 2 parts (1878).
Paragraph 2    ... חברתי... אני... הילל ל"ש מילדי וועטש רב פה ק"ק קאלאמיא... חלק א-ב.

מוסר בדרך שאלות-ותשובות. חלק א: לעמבערג, (דפוס Salat .U.W), חלק א: תרמ"ג. כה, [1], קף דף. חלק ב: קאלאמעא, דפוס אלטער טייכער (Bilous .M Druck), תרמ"ה. כ, קלו דף. דף ב, ב (ספירה ראשונה): מכתב מנהיגי כולל אונגארן, ר' חיים זאננענפעלד ור' יעקב בלומענטהאל, להודיע שר' הילל ליכטענשטיין נתן לכולל במתנה את נחלתו שבפתח-תקוה.

   BE alef 284; EJ; CD-EPI 0144445
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
Other:    Ethics
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica