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Bidding Information
Lot #    29268
Auction End Date    1/25/2011 12:52:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    La Tefila du Saldat
Title (Hebrew)    סדר תפלה בקצרה לבני ישראל היוצאים למלחמה
Author    [WW II] R. Isaac Schwartz, Grand-Rabbin de France
City    Paris
Publication Date    1939
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Revised edition. 64, [4], 46, [4] pp. octavo 157:100 mm., usual age staining. A very good copy bound in the original boards.
   Bi-lingual Hebrew-French prayer book issued to French soldiers at the outbreak of World War II. It is, appropriately, dated with the verse “And if you go to war in your land against an enemy who oppresses you” Numbers 10:9). The first part of the prayer book, reading from right to left, is in Hebrew, the second part, reading from left to right, is in French. Instruction in the Hebrew part are in French. Prayers begin with Modim, asher yotzer, the benediction over talit Katan, and goes directly to the benedictions preceding Shema and Shema, the abbreviated form of the Shemone Esrai, concluding with Alenu. Next is Minhah, ma’ariv, also abbreviated. There are blessings over bread, prayers for Shabbat , for festivals, and in more detail, for funerals. Between the Hebrew and French sections is an index of the contents in French. The French section is like the Hebrew, except that the text is preceded by a place for the soldier to enter the date, signature, and family address, and then a preface from R. Isaac Schwartz, Chief Rabbi of France.

French Jewry, during the period after World War I, was enhanced by immigration from the former Ottoman countries. The Jews from Turkey and Greece settled chiefly in Paris and in the large cities of the south. However, the largest immigration came from Eastern Europe in the wake of the Ukrainian and Polish pogroms. Romania also provided a significant number of Jews. Once again the Russian and Lithuanian elements were not numerous. This trend increased after 1924 following the prohibition of free immigration into the United States. From 1933 many Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany passed through France en route for America or Palestine. The number remaining in France was relatively insignificant. It is estimated that there were 180,000 Jews resident in Paris in 1939, one-third of them belonging to the old French Jewish community. By then the use of Yiddish had become widespread and the "Ashkenazation" of the community had increased. The freedom of religious organization, which the law separating church and state had ratified by abolishing the official organization of religion, had enabled the different groups of immigrants to organize an appropriate framework for their religious and social life. Thus in 1923 the Fédération des Sociétés Juives de France (FSJF), a body which united the majority of Landsmanschaften, was created. However, these organizations did not impair the prestige of the old-established French Jewish communal bodies. The new bodies lost much of their meaningfulness as their members assimilated into French life, and with the progress of social security which deprived them of much of their usefulness. Many of their members subsequently joined the ranks of the established community.

Paragraph 2    נועד לחיילים יהודים בצבא הצרפתי במלחמת העולם השניה. בעריכת הרב מוריס (משה) ליבר. 64 עמ': חלק עברי. כולל עיקרי התפילות: תפילות לחול, לשבת ועמידות למועדים ולימים נוראים, עם תפילות לחולים ומתים ופרקי תהלים שונים. ההוראות בצרפתית. [4], 46 עמ' (נדפסו משמאל לימין) עם שער מיוחד: La Tefila du Saldat... Paris 1939. בראש הספר דברי הרב ישעיה שווארץ, הרב הראשי לצרפת. כולל תרגום התפילות לצרפתית. על פי Paris תרע"ו, בשינויים.
   EJ; CD-EPI 0308207
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
France:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew, French
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica