||Piyyutim customary recited on motzei Shabbbat in the synagogues of the Sephardic and Levantine communities. The mizmorim begin with the instruction that on motzei Shabbat they are to be sung with a pleasant voice. The first zemer is “O come, let us sing to the Lord; let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation” (Psalms 95) immediately followed by “Happy are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the Torah of the Lord” (Psalms 119). After the Psalms are selections from other books of the Bible such as Micha and Jeremiah, then Havdalah and additional material to recited on Motzei Shabbat.
Abraham ben Raphael Meldola (1705-55), who established his Hebrew printing-press in Livorno in 1740, was the scion of a prominent Sephardic family. The Meldolas traced their lineage to R. Isaiah Meldola (1282-1340), dayyan and hakham of Toledo, who, due to religious and political troubles, emigrated from there to Mantua, Italy. Successive generations of Meldolas provided Mantuan Jewry with rabbinic leadership. Abraham Meldola’s father, R. Raphael Meldola (1685-1748) was the author of ethical works and responsa. He was born in Livorno, served as rabbi in Pisa, Bayonne, and St. Espirit, remaining there until 1741, when he returned to Livorno. Raphael was named Samuel Jacob at birth, but his name was changed to Raphael due to a serious illness. Meldola printed more than thirty Hebrew titles from 1740 to 1748, consisting of liturgical works, novellae, responsa, halakhic titles, and Bible commentaries. These books are mainly original, that is first printings, rather than new editions of old works. Meldola also published non-Hebrew books for Marranos, many of whom had settled in Livorno. Initially partners with Clemente Ricci, a Livornese Catholic, the two separated in 1742, Meldola afterwards worked independently.