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Bidding Information
Lot #    29309
Auction End Date    1/25/2011 1:12:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Teshuvot Maharam Muenz
Title (Hebrew)    תשובות מהר'ם מינץ
Author    R. Moses ben Isaac Ha-Levi Muenz
City    Salonica
Publisher    Mordecai Nahman & David Yisraeligi
Publication Date    1802
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [2], 136 ff., folio, 251:165 mm, wide margins, usual age and damp staining, final 2 index ff.with paper repairs affecting letters. A good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   One hundred sixteen responsa on all four parts of the Shulhan Arukh by R. Moses ben Isaac Ha-Levi Muenz, rabbi in Vishravitz, Brody, and lastly Alt-Ofen (Buda). There are approbations from R. Ezekiel Raphael Hayyim Alfandari, R. Michael Ashkenazi, and R. Moses Friskin, all of Constantinople. Next are introductions and then the text in two columns in rabbinic type. After the approbations and introductions is an attractive tail-piece with a floral design about a budding palm tree. At the end of the volume is an index of the responsa followed by an abbreviated index.

R. Moses ben Isaac Ha-Levi Muenz (Minz, c. 1750–1831) was a Hungarian rabbi. He was was born in Podolia or in Galicia. After serving as rabbi in Vishravitz and in Brody, he was appointed in 1789 rabbi of Alt-Ofen (Buda) where he remained for the rest of his life. As a result of his activity there and his great reputation, the community became renowned. He represented the community at all royal ceremonies, including the coronation of Francis I. The addresses he delivered on those occasions were published in Hebrew and German. In 1793 he was appointed by the government chief rabbi of the whole Pest region. By virtue of this appointment he was granted the right to serve as Jewish judge in all the judicial affairs of the communities in the area, and not only in religious matters. This right was limited in 1796, but it did not affect the prestige in which he was held. On his initiative, and as a result of his endeavor, a beautiful synagogue was built by the community in 1822. It is still standing and has been proclaimed by the Hungarian government as a protected historical site. The sermon he preached at its consecration, Devir ha-Bayit, was published that same year in Vienna. To the second edition (1931) a biography of the author was added by D. S. Loewinger.

During the period of R. Muenz's rabbinate, tendencies toward religious reform began to be manifested in Hungary. At the beginning R. Muenz was relatively tolerant toward these reforms and even maintained friendly ties with the leader of the reformers, Aaron Chorin, but later he took a strong stand against their aspirations in general and against Chorin in particular. In 1803 Chorin's book Emek ha-Shaveh appeared with the commendation of Muenz, but by 1805 R. Muenz was presiding over the bet din that summoned Chorin before it and rebuked him sharply, compelling him to rescind his progressive attitudes. Although the civil government revoked the ruling of rabbis headed by R. Muenz it was supported by the Orthodox community. His responsa were first published by his son Joseph Isaac, under the title Sefer Maharam Minz (Prague, 1827). He also published, with his annotations, Peri Ya'akov (Ofen, 1830) of Jacob ben Moses. Orthodox Jews of Budapest used to visit his grave in the cemetery of Alt-Ofen during the days of Elul and of selihot. In 1949 this cemetery was cleared by order of the government and Muenz's remains and the tombstones were transferred to another cemetery in Budapest and reinterred near the graves of those killed by the Nazis, where the custom of visiting his grave continues.

          
Paragraph 2    ... העיר ה' את רוחנו (שמואל חיים... יעקב חי ן' חסון)

עמ' האחרון: קיצור מפתח הסימנים בסדר ההלכות [בשולחן ערוך]. הסכמת רבני קושטא: ר' חזקיה רפאל חיים אלפאנדארי, ר' מיכאל אשכנזי ור' משה פרישקו, קושטנדינא, מנחם-[אב] תקס'ב.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ; CD-EPI 0148097
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Greece-Turkey:    Checked
  
Subject
Halacha:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica