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Bidding Information
Lot #    29312
Auction End Date    1/25/2011 1:14:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Eishel Abraham
Title (Hebrew)    אשל אברהם
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Abraham Broda
City    Frankfort am Main
Publisher    [David Jakob Karnov]
Publication Date    1747
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [2], 200 ff., 316:204 mm., wide margins, usual light age and damp staining, old hands, upper corner repaired initial 4 ff. A good copy bound in recent full cloth boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Novellae to the tractates Pesahim, Hullin, and Bava Batra.The first part, Hiddushei Halakhot, summarizes each topic on the basis of the Talmud and its commentaries, and the second, Hiddushei Posekim, deals with halakhic rulings which derive from these sources.

R. Abraham b. Saul Broda (d. 1717), was born in Bunzlau (Bohemia) and was sent by his father to Cracow to pursue his Talmudic studies with R. Isaac b. Zev Harif of that city, in order to withdraw him from the evil influences of Shabbethaism, at that time spreading throughout Bohemia. After receiving his rabbinical diploma, R. Broda returned to his native city, but was soon called as rabbi to Lichtenstadt, and thence to Raudnitz. Even then his reputation was so great that R. Shabbethai Bass asked for his approbation to a book that R. Bass had written. Hence, when the office of chief rabbi of Prague became vacant about 1693, it was offered to R. Broda, who accepted it, although it was probably not very remunerative in consequence of the great fire of 1689, which impoverished many members of the congregation. This office, from which he had doubtless expected much pleasure, involved him, on the contrary, in many difficulties; for when a difference arose between R. Broda and R. Zevi Ashkenazi in regard to a ritual question, all the rabbis of Prague took sides against the former. It was probably this that induced R. Broda, who disliked quarrels, to seek another position. He was called to Metz. In 1709 he was appointed rabbi of Metz, and in 1713 of Frankfort, where he remained until his death. In these last two cities he established yeshivot which attracted many students. In his approbation to Eshel Avraham, R. Jonathan Eybeschuetz paid tribute to R. Broda's contribution to education and teaching: "He was remarkably successful in learning, teaching, and disseminating Torah, and most contemporary scholars of renown were his disciples. Among his outstanding students were R. Nethanel Weil, R. Jonah Landsofer, and R. Samuel Helman of Metz. His novellae were noted by his students, who quoted them in their works, or published them together with their own works. R. Broda's most important work is Eshel Avraham (1747), reveals his erudition, keen intellect, and methodical treatment of the subject matter. Other works by R. Broda are Hiddushei Ge'onim (Offenbach, 1723), on Bava Kamma, Bava Mezia, and Sanhedrin; Hiddushei Hilkhot Gittin (Wandsbeck, 1731), published by his disciple, R. Jonathan b. Isaac ha-Levi; Shema'ta Hadta (Frankfort, 1737), novellae and explanations on Ketubbot and the second chapter of Gittin, and Toledot Avraham (Fuerth, 1769), novellae to Kiddushin and Ketubbot (incomplete). R. Israel Isserl b. Isaac ha-Levi (beginning of 18th century), a disciple of Broda, published Asefat Hakhamim (1722), which included novellae by Broda. In a takkanah of 1715, Broda deals with the question of modesty, warns against extravagant festivities, and pleads for abstention from extravagance and forbidden foods.

          
Paragraph 2    עם הגהות אהל משה ... (חידושי הלכות... חידושי פוסקים) אשר עשה ... אמ"ז ר' אברהם ברודא זצ"ל אשר הי' ריש מתיבתא דק"ק פראג ... שנתקבל לאב"ד ור"מ בק"ק ... מיץ ...ובא לכאן ... פ"פ דמיין ... והגדיל תורה ... החידוש... על מסכת פסחים חולין ב"ב ואפס קציהו ח"ה (חידושי הלכות) למס' גיטין וקצת חידושי' על פ[רק] איזהו נשך השייך ליורה דעה הלכות ריבית. עם הגהת מבן המחבר ... בשם אהל משה וגם חידושי הל"ת (הלכה תוספות) מאאמ"ו ... ר' משה ברודא זצ"ל שהי' אב"ד ור"מ דק"ק ווירמש ... (ואנכי... ממגורשי פראג... דפסתי ספר אשל אברהם עם ... אוהל משה ... כ"ד (נכד המחבר)...שואל (שאול) בן ... ר' משה ברודא זצ"ל ... המגיה ... לכבוד רבו כי שמו בקרבו ...אברהם בן... כ' מאיר אופנהיים שליט"א).

שם המדפיס על-פי ח"ד פרידברג, תולדות הדפוס העברי בערים שבאירופה התיכונה, אנטוורפן תרצ"ה, עמ' 68. בשולי הקדמתו מודה נכד המחבר לר' משה ב"ר שלמה מנהיי' מק"ק ווירמש "אשר טרח ויגע ... וליקט אורות מכתבי קדש ... (שנטשטשו ובלו ... ויעתק משם) אחת אל אחת וסידרם על מכונם".

הסכמות: ר' יעקב יושע [פאלק] מקראקא, פרנקפורט דמיין, טו מרחשון תק"ו; ר' יחזקאל ב"ר אברהם זצ"ל מבית קצנאילנבוגין, אלטונא המבורג וואנזיבעק, יג סיון תק"ו; ר' יהונתן ב"ר נטע [אייבשיץ], מיץ, ערב ראש חודש תמוז תק"ו; רבני הספרדים באמשטרדם: ר' דוד ישראל עטיאס ור' יצחק חיים ן' דנא די בריטו, יד מרחשון תק"ז; ר' שמואל הילמן, מנהיים.

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0177260; EJ; JE; BE 2761
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Halacha:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica