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Bidding Information
Lot #    34086
Auction End Date    4/24/2012 12:30:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    She'elot u-Teshuvot (Mahari Ibn Lev)
Title (Hebrew)    שאלות ותשובות - מהר'י אבן לב
Author    R. Joseph b. David ibn Lev
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Moses Frankfurt
Publication Date    1726
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First combined edition of all parts. [2], 76; [1], 62, [1]; 23, 25-84, [2]; [1], 24 ff., folio, 330:188 mm., usual age and damp staining, extra wide margins. A good copy bound in later boards, rubbed and split.
   The collected responsa of Mahari Ibn Lev, (c.1505–1580), Turkish rabbi and posek. Lev was born in Monastir (now Bitolj, Yugoslavia). Nothing is known of his early life, but he was appointed dayyan in his native town while still quite young. Because of a quarrel with a colleague on the bet din he moved to Salonika in 1534, where he became embroiled with Solomon ibn Hasson. Lev fought vigorously against the powerful and wealthy who oppressed the common people. Following his dispute with the Jewish tyrant Baruch of Salonika, his son David was murdered by hired assassins in 1545. His second son Moses drowned. These events and the hostile attitude of his opponents caused him to move in 1550 to Constantinople, where he remained until his death. There he was appointed teacher in the yeshivah founded by Dona Gracia (Mendes) Nasi. In 1556 he was taken ill and from 1561 was unable to continue regular teaching in the yeshivah. At the instigation of Gracia and Joseph Nasi, in retaliation for the adverse stand of Pope Paul IV against the Marranos of Ancona, Lev compiled a responsum in which he supported the banning of trade with Ancona and the taking of reprisals against the papal kingdom, in contrast to Joshua Soncino, one of the opponents of the ban.

Lev at first planned the compilation of a work in the manner of the Beit Yosef of R. Joseph Caro. When in 1551 the Beit Yosef was published he forbade its use out of fear that it would lead to a decrease in the study of the Talmud. However, when on one occasion he could not remember one of the sources of the Arba'ah Turim and found it in the Beit Yosef, he changed his attitude and realized the value of the work. His responsa, in four parts, were first published separately but then together in Amsterdam in 1726. A new edition of the responsa in two volumes appeared in Jerusalem in 1959/60. Lev attributes many glosses to his son David out of a desire to perpetuate his memory, but it is probable that he himself was the author of most of them. He was highly thought of by contemporary scholars.

Paragraph 2    ובאשר ... קרוב למאתים שנה [!]. מזמן דפוס ראשונה. שנדפס בקונסטניא [!] ... ע"כ קם ונתעורר ... ר' משה פרנקפורט דיין דק"ק אמשטרדם והדפיסם ... (ספר [א]-ד). שער מיוחד לכל ספר. שם הספר בשער ספר ב-ד: ... משאלות ותשובות. ספר א-ג על-פי ההוצאה הראשונה. ספר ד על-פי הוצאת פירדא תנ"ב. דברי-הסיום של ר' שלמה ב"ר יצחק לבית הלוי ושירו, שנדפסו בהוצאה הראשונה בסוף ספר א, נשמטו כאן.
   CD-EPI 0120062; EJ
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Holland:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica