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Bidding Information
Lot #    34839
Auction End Date    7/17/2012 11:12:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Tokfo Kohen
Title (Hebrew)    תקפו כהן
Author    R. Shabbetai ben Meir ha-Kohen
City    Lvov (Lemberg)
Publisher    Naftali Hertz Grossman
Publication Date    1810
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   48 ff. quarto 212:168 mm., light age and damp staining, nice margins, old hands, stamps. A good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed.
   On the laws of taking hold (grasping, seizing), damages, and the Talmudic term teiku, referring to unresolved issues, by R. Shabbetai ben Meir ha-Kohen (Shakh). Shakh is best known for his monumental Siftei Kohen commentary and halakhic novellae on Shulhan Arukh. The title page of this edition states that it was written by Shabbetai Katz, author of Siftei Kohen, and that it is was brought to press on fine paper and black ink as no copies are to be found. Shakh entitled the work Tokfu Kohen because the source of these dinim is from the tokfo Kohen (Bava Mezia 6b). The contents are not merely a discussion of instances of tokfo and teiku in the Talmud but also of the ongoing dialogue by later sages on the halakhic value of taking hold תפיסה in establishing possession. Parenthetically, teiku, of which there are three hundred fifteen instances in the Babylonian Talmud – but none in the Jerusalem Talmud - concerns questions that were addressed but no final conclusion could be reached. Teiku represents the conclusion of discussion. The origin of the word, according to popular usage, is from, Tishbi yetarez kushyot ve-ibbayot, that is, Elijah, the Tishbi, will resolve these questions and unanswered problems.

R. Shabbetai ben Meir ha-Kohen’s (Shakh, 1621–1662) father, realizing that his son was a prodigy, sent him to Tykocin to study under R. Joshua Hoeschel (Meginnei Shelomo, 1578-1648), whom Shakh followed to Cracow. Returning to Lita, Shakh married a granddaughter of R. Moses Isserles (Rema). Due to his great erudition and despite his young age, Shakh was appointed a dayyan in the Vilna bet din of R. Moses Lima (Helkat Mehokek, c. 1605–1658, see below, 1670). During the Cossack massacres of 1655, Shakh was forced to flee Vilna, eventually reaching Holesov in Moravia, his final residence, serving as rabbi there for the rest of his life.

Paragraph 2    בשנת ת'ק'פו כ'הן' אין מוציאן מידו

השיר והקדמת בן המחבר נשמטו. כן נשמטו כללי קים לי שבסוף הספר, אחר סי' קל. הסכמות: ר' יעקב ב"ר מרדכי זאב אורנשטיין, לבוב, כא אדר תק"ע, עם חתימות דייני לבוב: ר' שאול שפירא האב"ד דק"ק האראדענקא ור' זכריה איידל שטיין האב"ד דק"ק זידוטשוב; דייני זאלקווא: ר' יוסף יוזפא שטערין סג"ל ור' יוסף אלעזר גאט ליב, כג אדר-א תק"ע.

   BE shin 1979; Heller, 17th Cent.; CD-EPI 0141627
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica