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Bidding Information
Lot #    34891
Auction End Date    7/17/2012 11:34:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Meor ha-Katan
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Meir ben Isaac Tarnopol
City    Fuerth
Publisher    Joseph ben Solomon Zalman Schneur
Publication Date    1697
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [1], 105 (should say 106) ff. folio 305:186 mm., nice margins, light age and damp staining, stamps. A good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   First edition of the discourses on the weekly parashah by R. Meir ben Isaac Tarnopol. The author, a student of R. Heschel of Cracow, served as av bet din and rosh mesivta in Ottingen. The title page states that it is Meor ha-Katan, on Hamishah Homshei Torah, from Bereishit to the end, homilies selected from many books. It is better than any other merchandise and priced inexpensively. It then continues with the comments of the editor, R. Hayyim Zelig ben Nathanel, hazzan in Fuerth, So says the editor, what can I say and what can I exclaim, G-d has found my iniquity (cf. Genesis 44:16), for, He has taken the delight of my eyes from me (cf. Ezekiel 24:16), the above sage, the author, who commanded me prior to his death to bring to press this book, to learn it and to speak of it, discourses wonderful and desirable that he wrote. I have prayed that the L-rd my G-d consider my editing . . . And save us (457 = 1697) from all evil and injury.

The verso of the title page has approbations from R. Samuel ben Uri Shraga Feibush of Fuerth, R. Menahem Mendel Ashkenazi of Bamberg, and R. Issachar Bermann ben David Isaac Zekel Segal Frankel of Fuerth. Below the approbations is R. Tarnapols introduction. A survivor of the pogroms of 1648-49, he informs that at a time of wrath (Bava Kamma 60b) from the Creator, the decree went out, to destroy and abandon the remaining remnant by the wicked Cossacks, [may their name be blotted out]. In their wrath they killed tens of thousands of Jews and destroyed many holy communities in the Ukraine and Podolia, among them R. Tarnopol, spilling their blood as holy sheep in the Temple courtyard, old and young, and maidens drawn to the grave, fruitful with lads and lasses and students of Torah, among them members of my family, from both my father and my mothers side, they were a target for the arrows, O earth, cover not their blood (cf. Job 16:18). . . .R. Tarnopol continues that the survivors fled, undergoing much hardship, sword and cold, going from city to city, undergoing much. They traveled through Poland, which was also in turmoil. He describes the match he made with the daughter of R. Hayyim Zelig who was a hazzan from Levov, Poland. Aged, without offspring, and elderly, Tarnopol said how will he build a house to be remembered and therefore wrote this book, calling it Meor ha-Katan, citing several reasons, for the title, among them that it is small in size and value. He has included in it explanations of many verses from the Prophets and Megillot.

The text is in two columns in small rabbinic type, primarily peshat (literal interpretations).

          
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Reference
Description
   BE mem 42; CD-EPI 0145259; Heller 17th Century Hebrew Book, p. 1326-27
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
17th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Bible:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica