R. Jacob Sha’ul ha-Kohen Dweck (Duwayk, 1828-1919), a great scholar, was a student of R. Mordecai Abadi. In Derekh Emunah, R. Dweck relates that as a youth he filtered vinegar to remove bugs. After three attempts to no avail his mother suggested that he use a tarboosh (felt hat). He also tells that time waste din a class is comparable to a merchant stealing from customers and that in a class of forty students an hour last is equivalent to forty hours. R. Dweck also served as rabbi in Kills where he fought against immodest behavior, such as mixed dancing, listening to Arab love songs and women not covering their hair. As a personal example of modest living he refused an increase in salary although living in poverty. From 1901 R. Dweck served as Chief Rabbi of Aram Zova, giving up that position in 1914 so that a more forceful person could deal with the Ottoman authorities concerning draft deferments and due to the charges of a Sabbath violator. Afterwards, while walking a women sitting on her porch taunted him over the loss of the position and at theat very moment her porch collapsed killing her. R. Dweck had a difficult life; three wives died in succession and two sons died during his lifetime. A prolific author, his other works including She’erit Ya’akob and novellae.
הסכמות: ר' אברהם אשכנזי, ירושלם, סיון תרל"ז; ר' חזקיה שבתי, ארם צובה, שבט תרע"ד; רבני ארם-צובה: ר' אליהו חמווי, ר' משה עזרא מזרחי ור' עזרא יצחק חמווי, שבט תרע"ד.