||Added t.p.: Jerusalem slumbering town, eleven wood-cuts by Jacob Steinhardt, eleven Hebrew poems by Sh. Shalom.
Jakob Steinhardt (1887–1968), Israel painter and printmaker. He was born in Zerkow, Poland, and left home in 1906 to study in Berlin, first at the Museum of Arts and Crafts, and then under the engraver Hermann Struck. From 1909 he studied in Paris under Laurens and Matisse. He returned to Berlin in 1912 and, together with Ludwig Meidner and Richard Janthur, founded the Pathetiker Group, with whom he exhibited. He served as a soldier in Lithuania and Macedonia during World War I, and his on-the-spot drawings were exhibited in Berlin in 1917. In 1933 he left Germany to settle in Jerusalem. In 1949 he was appointed head of the graphic department of the Bezalel School of Art, of which he was director between 1953 and 1957. In 1955 he received the first international prize in graphic arts at the SCo Paulo Biennale, and in 1960 the Arta Liturgica Prize at the Venice Biennale. Steinhardt was an early disciple of German expressionism, and his early subject matter was almost exclusively religious and social. He made engravings and lithographs; in Jerusalem he devoted himself almost exclusively to woodcuts. At first he depicted Jerusalem scenes and inhabitants, but from 1950 he used biblical subjects from the Book of Jonah (1952), the Book of Ruth (1955), landscapes, and imaginary themes. While his woodcuts of the 1930s are characterized by sharp contrasts between black and white, his later work concentrated on rhythm, and color was often introduced.