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Bidding Information
Lot #    35277
Auction End Date    7/17/2012 2:02:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Zera Efrayim
Title (Hebrew)    זרע אפרים
Author    [First Ed.] R.Ephraim Zalman Margolioth
City    Lemberg
Publisher    Michoel F. Poremba
Publication Date    1853
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition of commentary. [1], 97, [2] ff., 4°, 244:190 mm., wide margins, usual age and damp staining, old hands. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed, spine taped.
   Commentary on the Pesikta Rabbati by R. Ephraim Zalman b. Menahem Mannes Margolioth (1760–1828) R. Ephraim studied under his uncle, R. Alexander Margolioth, rabbi of Satanov, R. Isaac of Ostrow, author of Berit Kehunnat Olam, and R. Ezekiel Landau. In his youth he was rabbi of Ohanov, but later left the rabbinate, according to some reports declining an offer of the rabbinate of Frankfort. R. Margoliot settled in Brody and went into business, in which he was highly successful. He owned commercial establishments in Vienna and it was said of him: "From the time of the minister Saul Wahl there has not been Torah and wealth such as belong to Margolioth." He spent most his time in study, leaving the conduct of his business to his partner Simeon Dishze. He also studied esoteric works with a group of kabbalists at Brody, and had a sound knowledge of history. Margolioth wrote many books and exchanged responsa with the greatest rabbis of his time, with some of whom he maintained close relations. He was involved in the controversy caused by Joshua Heshel Zoref's book Ha-Zoref and established the fact that it had strong leanings toward Shabbateanism. He also contended with the communal leaders of Brody over the leniency extended to the wealthy parnasim under the prevailing system of communal taxation and demanded their full participation in community expenditure.

R. Margolioth gave his approbation to a great number of books, including many by hasidic rabbis. His own works, which appeared in many editions, and many of his halakhic decisions have been accepted. His works, in addition to Matteh Efrayim, include: Beit Efrayim, part 1 entitled Peri Tevu'ah, with commentary Rosh Efrayim (Lemberg, 1809); part 2 Shulhan Arukh, Yoreh De'ah (ibid., 1810); responsa Beit Efrayim (ibid., 1818); and another collection of responsa Beit Efrayim (Brody, 1866); Shem Efrayim, on Rashi's commentary to the Pentateuch and haftarot (Ostrow, 1826); Zera Efrayim on the Pesikta Rabbati (Lemberg, 1853); Yad Efrayim, on Shulhan Arukh, Orah Hayyim (in Dubno ed. of Shulhan Arukh, Orah Hayyim, 1820). He also wrote Ma'alot ha-Yuhasin, a genealogical book on the families Landau, Margolioth, etc. (Lemberg, 1900). R. Zevi Hirsch Chajes of Zolkiew was among his pupils.

Paragraph 2    כולל שני פירושים על פסיקתא רבתי דרב כהנא [עם הפנים]... מחליף ומשנה הגרסאות ומבאר הענין... חיברו... מוה' אפרים זלמן מרגליות זצ"ל... הוצאתיו לאור הצעיר זאב וואלף בהמנוח מהו' יחזקאל ז"ל, במצות ובהוצאות ... מו' פנחס נ"י והרב... מהו' אלכסנדר סענדיר נ"י והרב... מו' צבי הירש נ"י כלם בני... מו' יעקב יהושיע הלוי איש הורוויץ בהגאון... מוה' צבי הירש ז"ל... בהגאון בעל הפלאה [ר' פינחס הלוי איש הורוויץ] וחתן הגאון המחבר זצ"ל, והרביע[י] זלמן נ"י בהרב... מהו' אלכסנדר סענדיר נ"י נכד המחבר...

אין זה "פסיקתא דרב כהנא" אלא "פסיקתא רבתי". עי' בהוצאה הראשונה. [2] דף בסוף: שו"ת מנכד המחבר... הק' צבי הירש הלוי איש הוריוויץ[!] בן הרב (יעקב יהושיע הלוי] מזילאזיץ ז"ל. בעניין "דם לאחר תשמיש". מעבר לשער: "אלה דברי הגאון המחבר... ותהי השלמתו... שנת חמשת אלפים תקפ"ה". מכאן שהמחבר חיבר את פירושיו על-פי דפוסי פראג ושקלאוו, אולם המדפיסים הדפיסו את הפנים, בלא סימני הפרשיות, על-פי ברעסלויא תקצ"א, עם בשיבושים, ולפעמים אף העתיקו לתוך דברי המחבר מפירושו של ר' זאב וואלף איינהורן. "נוסחה ישנה" הנזכרת בפנים אינה אלא על-פי הגהותיו של ר' זאב וואלף. עי': מאיר איש שלום, הקדמה, פסיקתא רבתי, ווינא תר"ם, עמ' 2.

   EJ; JE; CD-EPI 0158668
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica