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Bidding Information
Lot #    35362
Auction End Date    7/17/2012 2:31:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Kuntres ha-Shemittah
Title (Hebrew)    קונטריס השמיטה - קונטרס תוספת שביעית
Author    R. Raphael Jacob David Wilovsky (Ridbaz);
City    Jerusalem
Publication Date    1909
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [2], 9; 9 ff. quarto 218:190 mm., usual age staining. A good copy not bound.
   Monograph on the arguments concerning Shemitah by R. Raphael Jacob David Wilovsky (Ridbaz) and brought to press by R. Nahum ben Jacob Weidenfeld. The title page describes Kuntres ha-Shemittah as the give in take on the subject of shemittah in the Yeshivah Tort Eretz Yisrael in Safed on which pestle four hundred years encompassing many years of shemittah in this holy city. Many princes of the Torah, pious, righteous, and holy, the Bet Yosef and his supporters, disputed with the Mabit and his supporters, their merit should be a shield for us an all Israel. It continues that this is the third shemittah since the horat sha’ah since the settlement of our brothers of the Klaus in Jerusalem, who permitted entirely in a manner that uporoots all of tractate Shevi’it and permits it in Israel. So that the Sabbatical year should not be entirely forgotten this kuntres has been written. There is an introduction from R. Jacob David Ridbazand then the text. R. Raphael Jacob David Wilovsky (Ridbaz) was born in Kobrin, Russia, R. Wilovsky held Rabbinic posts in Izvolin (1874), Bobruisk (1876), Vilna (1881). Finding that the Vilna position distracted him from his studies, he resigned, and chose to serve as rabbi in a smaller community such as Polotsk (1883), Vilkomir (1887). In 1890 he became chief rabbi of Slutsk, where he established a noted yeshiva in 1896. He took general supervision, appointing Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer as principal. R. Wilovsky freely used a copy of the Talmud Yerushalmi which the Vilna Gaon had annotated. After studying the Yerushalmi for thirty years and working steadily on his commentaries for seventeen years, R. Wilovsky began the publication of an edition of the Yerushalmi which included, besides his own, all the commentaries incorporated in former editions. Since the subscription fund for his publication was exhausted before the fourth order Nezikin, was completed, Wilovsky travelled to the United States in 1900, where he succeeded in securing subscriptions for many sets of the work. Returning to Russia, he dedicated the Nezikin order to his American patrons. From 1903 to 1905, R. Wilovsky returned to the United States. This time, he dropped his former name of Willowsky/Willovsky and assumed the name "Ridvaz" (Rabbi Yaakov David ben Ze'ev"). The United Orthodox Rabbis of America, at their annual meeting in Philadelphia in August 1903, elected Ridvaz as their zekan haRabbanim (elder rabbi), and on September 8, 1903, Ridbaz was elected chief rabbi of the Russian-American congregations in Chicago. He tried to introduce order into the religious services of his congregations, but met obstruction and opposition on the part of a former rabbi and his followers; not being able to withstand the persistent opposition, Ridvaz resigned his position ten months later. Thereafter, he traveled extensively throughout the United States, lecturing and preaching. On returning to New York, he endeavored to establish a yeshiva based on the European model, but found little encouragement. In 1905, Ridvaz left America and moved to Safed, where he established a yeshiva, Toras Eretz Yisrael, and entered into controversy with Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Kook over the proper observance of the Shemittah year.
Paragraph 2    נושא ונותן בה' שביעית ונלמד ... בישיבת תורת ארץ ישראל בעה"ק צפת ... וזו (השנה ... שנת תרס"ט דהיא ערב) שמיטה השלישית ... לאחר שיצאה הוראת שעה בשמיטה הראשונה שנתישבו אחינו בהקאלאניעס ... הותרה לגמרי ... ולמען שלא ישתקע ... שנת השבתן ... כתבנו הקונטריס הזה ... בתורת מחאה (שאין כאן ... היתר כלל ... והרבנים שהקילו לא הקילו ... אלא לצורך שעה ... יעקב דוד רידב"ז) ... מוקדש בעד שומרי שביעית.

ר' נחום וויידנפלד חיבר "קונטרס תוספת שביעית, היא תוספת לקונטרס השמיטה מהגאון הרידב"ז", ירושלם תרס"ט.

קונטרס תוספת שביעית היא תוספת לקונטרס השמיטה [ירושלם תרס"ט] מהגאון ... הרידב"ז [ר' יעקב דוד ב"ר זאב ווילאבסקי] שליט"א אשר אור תורתו זורח בעיה"ק צפת ... ממני נחום וויידענפעלד האב"ד דק"ק דאמבראווא בגאליציען ...

   Description http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaakov_Dovid_Wilovsky; CD-EPI 0175842; 0130896
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Polemics:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica