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Bidding Information
Lot #    5479
Auction End Date    9/16/2003 10:28:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Tokfo Shel Joseph
Title (Hebrew)    תקפו של יוסף
Author    [Gibraltar - Morocco] R. Joseph Elmaleh
City    Leghorn
Publisher    Elijah Benamozegh and Partner
Publication Date    1855
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [2], 56 f., folio, 303:198 mm., wide margins, clean sheets. A very good copy bound in contemporary half leather boards.
   Responsa from the Chief Rabbi of Gibraltar, concerning many local issues.

R. Joseph Elmaleh (1750–1823), kabbalist and halakhist, was considered one of the outstanding Moroccan scholars of his time. He served as rabbi of SalM and of Rabat in 1780. There he maintained a large yeshivah, which continued to function after his death. In 1809 he was in Gibraltar with the intention, according to one source, of journeying on to Erez Israel, and was invited to serve as rabbi there. In the same year, however, he returned to Rabat. He introduced a special tax (imposta) on behalf of the poor, which is still levied. His responsa (Leghorn, 1823–1855), chiefly on Hoshen Mishpat and in part on Even Ha-Ezer, are a valuable source for the history of the Jews of Morocco.

Jews have lived in Gibraltar since the 14th century, in 1356 a community appeal for assistance in the ransoming of Jews captured by pirates is recorded. The Treaty of Utrecht (1713), that ceded the fortress to England, excluded the Jews from Gibraltar in perpetuity. However, by an agreement in 1729 between England and the sultan of Morocco, his Jewish subjects were empowered to come there temporarily for purpose of trade, and the establishment of a permanent community followed soon thereafter. The majority of the Jewish settlers were from adjacent parts of North Africa. By 1749, when the legal right of Jewish settlement was recognized, the community numbered about 600, being about one-third of the total number of civilian residents, and there were two synagogues. In the middle of the 19th century, when the Rock was at the height of its importance as a British naval and military base, the Jewish community numbered about 2,000 and most of the retail trade was in their hands, but thereafter the number declined. The community still maintains four synagogues and many communal organizations.

Paragraph 2    חלק ראשון. שאלות ותשובות פעולת צדיק ... וכבר יצא ... חלק שני מתשובותיו ... ויצא הרא"שון כט"ל [נט תשובות] ... רוכב ומנהיג בקהל רב בעוב"י ארבט יע"א ומצודתו פרוסה בעיר סלא יע"א ... לעת זקנתו ... בקהל קדוש ... 'גיבאלטאר יע"א ... כמוהר"ר יוסף אלמאליח זצוק"ל בן ... כמוהר"ר עיוש זצוק"ל חתנא דבי נשיאה ... כמוהר"ר שמואל קארו זצוק"ל ... פי המדבר ... אברהם בן לא"א כהה"ר יוסף אלמאליח ז"ל ... חלק א.
   Vinograd, Leghorn 1126
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Other:    North Africa
Halacha:    Checked
History:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica