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Bidding Information
Lot #    5558
Auction End Date    9/16/2003 1:06:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Abudarham
Title (Hebrew)    אבודרהם
Author    R. David b. Joseph Abudarham
City    Constantinople
Publisher    Astruc de Toulon
Publication Date    1513
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Very rare second edition. 99, [1] ff., quarto, 266:199 mm., scattered worming affecting words, final in facsimile, initial & f. 2, 97-99 expertly repaired with loss completed in facsimile, wide margins, bound in modern half leather boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   R. David b. Joseph Abudarham (14th century), liturgical commentator in Spain. Abudarham came from a distinguished family, and apparently an earlier namesake was a communal leader in Toledo. Abudarham was moved to write his book in 1340 in Seville, like R. Asher b. Saul of Lunel before him, because “the customs connected with prayer have become varied from one country to another, and most of the people do not understand the words of the prayers, nor do they know the correct ritual procedures and the reasons for them.” The book is based on the Talmud and the decisions of the geonim, and on the early and later commentators. It abounds in source material of Spanish, Provencal, French, and Ashkenazi origins, not all of which has otherwise survived. Abudarham made extensive use of the prayer book of R. Saadiah Gaon, and it seems he was the last to see and use an original of this book. He also utilized the Manhig of R. Abraham b. Nathan ha-Yarhi of Lunel and the Minhagot of R. Asher b. Saul, the legal dicta of R. Asher b. Jehiel and the Turim. Some scholars think he was a disciple of R. Jacob b. Asher, author of the Turim. Abudarham commented upon the prayers in great detail and traced the variations in custom in different countries. He included a commentary on the Passover Haggadah, rules of intercalation, the order of weekly pentateuchal readings and haftarot for the entire year, and calendrical and astronomical tables. Abudarham appended to his book rules governing benedictions, dividing them into nine sections, along with their interpretation and explanation. His book was first published in Lisbon in 1490 and has since been republished frequently. Abudarham also wrote a commentary on liturgy for the Day of Atonement ascribed to R. Yose b. Yose, as well as on other liturgical poems (published under the title of Tashlum Abudarham).
          
Paragraph 2    אותיות רש"י. שני טורים בעמוד. בכל דף פאגינאציה כפולה על שני עמודיו. קולופון: "נשלם ביום ברוא מאורות [יום ד] ... והחדש ... שמו טבת ... שנת הרע"ד ... בקונטשטינא [!] ... ר' אשטרוק דטולון המחוקק ...". נשמט "סדר העיבור".
          
Reference
Description
   Yaari, Constantinople 22; EJ; CD-EPI 0105181
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
16th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Greece-Turkey:    Checked
  
Subject
Customs:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica