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Bidding Information
Lot #    5560
Auction End Date    9/16/2003 1:10:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Zemah David
Title (Hebrew)    צמח דוד
Author    [Only Ed.] R. David de Pomis
City    Venice
Publisher    Ioannem de Gara
Publication Date    1587
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 5, [1], 5-62, 238 ff., folio, 291:194 mm., scattered worming affecing words throughout book, inital 6 & final 5 ff. backed in blank areas, bound in modern half leather boards.
   Trilingual Hebrew, Latin, and Italian dictionary. The work, which is dedicated to Pope Sixtus V, contains numerous discourses of a scientific and historical nature; the preface embodies the author's genealogy and autobiography.

Dittionario novo Hebraico... in tre lingue... Lexicon novum Hebraicum... David de Pomis... Autore.

R. David de Pomis (1525–1593), was linguist, physician, and philosopher. Son of the learned R. Isaac, he was born in Spoleto. He received his early education from his father and later, at Todi, from his uncles Rabbi Jehiel (Vitale) and Moses Alatino, both physicians who were well versed in philosophy. For six years David studied medicine and philosophy in Perugia, where he received his doctorate in medicine in 1551. He was rabbi and physician at Magliano near Rome, but on account of the edict of Pope Paul IV forbidding Jewish physicians to attend Christians (1555), he moved from town to town in Italy before he settled in 1569 in Venice, where he published the greater part of his works. Pius IV (1559–65) gave him permission to attend Christians, a concession revoked by Pius V (1565–72) and later restored by Pope Sixtus V (1585–90). In his booklet De Medico Hebraeo Enarratio Apologica (Venice, 1588) David de' Pomis refutes the charges brought against Jews and Jewish physicians in particular by a bull of 1581 by Gregory XIII (1572–85). He stresses that according to the Bible and Talmud a Jewish physician must give help to every sufferer, and cites numerous instances of Jewish doctors who had distinguished themselves by their work and their loyalty. The volume ends with a selection of talmudic rules translated into Latin in order to prove that the Talmud should not be despised. Among his other works are a translation into Italian of Ecclesiastes with explanatory notes (Venice, 1571) dedicated to Cardinal G. Grimani; Discorso intorno a l'humana miseria e sopra il modo di fuggirla ("A Discourse on Human Suffering and How to Escape It"; Venice 1572), dedicated to Margaret of Savoy, was published as an appendix to this work. His medical works include a treatise on the plague (Venice, 1577) and another on maladies of old age (Venice, 1588) dedicated to the doge and senate of Venice; in the latter, he mentions a work on the divine origin of the Venetian Republic which has not been preserved; also lost were Sukkat David and Migdal David (mentioned in the preface to Zemah David) and a treatise on the battering ram. His translations of Daniel and Job have never been published.

Paragraph 2    ... חברו בבחרותו... דוד רופא מובהק ופילוסוף מעיר ספוליטי... ממשפחת התפוחים... בו הצמיח ופרש... בקצור בשלושה לשונות, כל שורש מלה ומלה שמצא בספר הערוך הגדול [מאת ר' נתן מרומא] ובשרשים [מאת ר' דוד קמחי] והעקריות הנמצאות בספר המתורגמן ובספר התשבי [שניהם מאת ר' אליהו בן אשר הלוי אשכנזי], ומלות אחרות זולתן אין מספר... להבין כל מה שנכתב בלשון הקדש ובלשון גמרא ורז"ל, ברבות ובמדרשים... ברובו הושם מורה מקום בכל פתרון המלה, גם הושמו שתי לוחות [מפתחות], אחד מהן לאטינו והאחר בלשון לע"ז [איטלקית], וזה נכתב גם במכתב עברי... ונגלו בו ג"כ סודות מה ורזי הטבע... ובסוף הספר יש פירוש כמה ראשי תבות
   CD-EPI 0301316; EJ
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Listing Classification
16th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Dictionaries & Encyclopedias:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew, Latin, Italian
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica