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Bidding Information
Lot #    5569
Auction End Date    9/16/2003 1:28:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Pizmonim by R. Jacob ibn Zur
Title (Hebrew)    פזמונים לכל המועדים
Author    [Ms.] R. Hayyim Toledano, Scribe
City    Morocco
Publication Date    19th cent.
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   4, 6-20, 22-30, [26] ff., 146:106 mm., light age staining, loose in contemporary calf on wood boards, neat Moroccan script, initial words in block letters, signed by scibe on f. [14]. Book is incomplete and lacks several ff.
   Collection of liturgical poetry for the holidays from R. David Hassin, R. Berdugo, R. Adhan, and primarily from R. Jacob ibn Zur (Yavetz).

R. Hayyim Toledano (d. 1848), rabbi in Meknes, was very active in the community's administration. In Iyyar 5608 (1848) he was arrested by the sherif (ruler) - as a result of a denunciation - together with his colleague R. Joseph Berdugo and ten of the community's leaders. About two months later he died in the prison of Fez. He wrote a brief commentary on the Torah, legal decisions, responsa, a work on the Tur Shulhan Arukh, a commentary on the Haggadah, and a collection of letters and writings.

The Toledano family of rabbis and hakhamim which originated in Toledo, Spain. After the expulsion from Spain in 1492, the Toledanos were to be found in Safed, Salonika, and Morocco. According to a family tradition they arrived in Fez during the 16th century from Salonika, and from there went to MeknIs and became leaders of the community from the 16th century until the present day. They were prominent in the community in religious affairs, producing renowned rabbis and poets who enriched the literature of Moroccan Jewry with their works and greatly influenced the western communities, particularly those of MeknIs, SalM, Tangier, and even Gibraltar; in political affairs, producing men who served as ministers and counselors to kings and were entrusted with diplomatic missions; and in economic affairs, producing outstanding merchants who developed and maintained varied commercial relations with European countries which contributed to the economic progress of Morocco.

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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Morocco
Liturgy:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica