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Bidding Information
Lot #    5605
Auction End Date    9/16/2003 2:40:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Arukh
Title (Hebrew)    ספר הערוך
Author    R. Nathan b. Jehiel of Rome
City    Basle
Publisher    Conrad Waldkirch
Publication Date    1599
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Second edition. 166 ff., folio, 294:198 mm., usual age staining. A very good copy bound in modern half leather boards.
   R. Nathan b. Jehiel of Rome (1035–c. 1110), Italian lexicographer, also called Ba'al he-Arukh ("the author of the Arukh") after the title of his lexicon. Few biographical details are known of him. Some state that he belonged to the De Pomis or Delli Mansi family, but the view is widespread that he actually belonged to the famous Anau (Anav) family. He was taught in his youth by his father, a paytan and the head of the yeshivah of Rome, and may as a young man have studied in Sicily under R. Mazli'ah b. Elijah ibn al-Bazak, a pupil of R. Hai Gaon. However, there is reason to believe that the scanty references to Mazli'ah's name in Nathan's work are the addenda of an earlier copyist named Mevorakh, some of whose marginal notes, in which he also mentions that he was Al-Bazak's pupil, were later incorporated in the text of the Arukh. R. Nathan also studied under R. Moses ha-Darshan of Narbonne, as well as, in the view of some scholars, under R. Moses Kalfo of Bari and R. Moses of Pavia. When his father died immediately after Nathan's return to Rome about 1070, he and his two brothers Daniel and Abraham succeeded him as the heads of the yeshivah of Rome. With them he wrote responsa to halakhic questions addressed to him by various scholars, among whom was a R. Solomon Yizhaki, identified by some as Rashi. Noted for his charitable acts, Nathan built a magnificent synagogue and a ritual bathhouse for his community. It was while serving as head of the Rome yeshivah that he wrote his classical work (which he completed in 1101) the Arukh, a lexicon of the Talmud and the Midrashim, containing all the talmudic terms in need of explanation; in the course of time various additions were made to it (see below). At the end of the Arukh there is a poem written in particularly difficult language and therefore of somewhat obscure meaning; in it the poet, lamenting his bitter lot, tells of the death of four out of his five sons during his lifetime.
Paragraph 2    שחיברו ... ר' נתן ... הצדיק ז"ל, בן ... ר' יחיאל ... בן ... רבנא אברהם זצ"ל מעיר רומי, וקבץ כל מלה חמורה שבתלמוד בספר הזה וסידרו באלפא ביתא ...ועתה נדפס שנית... והוגה... על יד... ר' יצחק בן... כמר משה עקנדרף יצ"ו מתושבי אישטרייך...
   CD-EPI 0152824; EJ
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Listing Classification
16th Century:    Checked
Holland:    Checked
Dictionaries & Encyclopedias:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica