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Bidding Information
Lot #    5990
Auction End Date    11/18/2003 10:04:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Orhot Zaddikim
Title (Hebrew)    אורחות צדיקים
Author    [First Ed. in Yiddish] Anonymous
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Hertz Lefi Rofe
Publication Date    1735
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition of Yiddish translation. [2], 108 ff., quarto, 196:151 mm., old hand on title, usual light age staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary half leather and marble paper boards, rubbed.
   Classical ethical work by an anonymous author. There are two approbations on the verso of the title page, the first from R. David Israel Athias and R. Isaac Hayyim Abendana de Britto, the second from R. Joseph (Dayyan) ben Simeon Akiva Ber and R. Moses ben Simeon Frankfort. Next is the introduction, in Yiddish set in Vaybertaytsh, of R. Solomon Zalman London, who financed the books publication. It is followed by the author’s introduction; he refers to the book as, “This Sefer Middot, written and sealed with the stamp of wisdom.” Nevertheless, the work is commonly known as Orhot Zaddikim (The Paths of the Righteous).

The title page, which is dated, “and keep the paths of the righteous”צדיקים תשמור וארחות (495=1735). The purpose of Orhot Zaddikim is to instruct man in how to make use of his facilities to do right and achieve good. Man can train his senses, which strengthens or weakens the heart and soul, to achieve positive qualities and avoid negative ones. The text is in two columns in square letters across the top of the page. Below it, in a single column in Vaybertaytsh is a Yiddish translation of Orhot Zaddikim

It has been possible to identify the anonymous author. The only historical fact cited in the work is the expulsion of the Jews from France in the 14th century. Since Orhot Zaddikim follows the teachings of the Hasidei Ashkenaz in many ways, it is possible that the author, in keeping with the admonishment of Judah b. Samuel he-Hasid of Regensburg in Sefer Hasidim (also published anonymously) for writers not to identify their work so that their descendants might not pride themselves with the accomplishments of their fathers, purposely kept the book anonymous.

Paragraph 2    ...הרעוני[!] רעיוני להעתיקו בלשון אשכנז...כ"ד המעתיק והמביא לדפוס שלמה זלמן לונדן...

עברית ואשכנזית-יהודית זו למטה מזו. דף [2]: הקדמה באשכנזית-יהודית, מאת המעתיק והמביא לדפוס, שלמה זלמן לונדן.

   CD-EPI 0111534; EJ
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Listing Classification
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica