23:38:36


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Bidding Information
Lot #    6006
Auction End Date    11/18/2003 10:36:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Erekh Lehem
Title (Hebrew)    ספר מהרקי'ש הנקרא ערך לחם
Author    [First Ed.] R. Jacob Castro
City    Constantinople
Publisher    Jonah b. Jacob Ashkenazi
Publication Date    1718
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   First edition. [2], 131 ff., quarto, 196:145 mm., light age and damp staining. A very good copy bound in modern half cloth boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Collection of annotations on the Shulhan Arukh similar to that of R. Moses Isserles. (The Author did not see R. Isserles' work although it was published during his lifetime, but they often reached the same conclusions.) The halakhic decisions set forth in Erekh Lehem were accepted as binding by the rabbis of Palestine and Egypt.

R. Jacob b. Abraham Castro (known as Maharikas from the Hebrew initials of his name; 1525?–1610), was born in Egypt. In his youth he went to Jerusalem, where he studied under R. Levi b. Habib, and R. David b. Solomon ibn Abi Zimra. R. Castro later became rabbi of the Mustarabs in Cairo, a position he held until his death. In 1570 he visited Palestine, and was the guest of R. Joseph Caro in Safed. He maintained a regular correspondence concerning halakhic questions with such authorities as R. Caro and R. Moses di Trani. His collected responsa, Oholei Ya'akov (Leghorn, 1783), are a most important source for the history of Egyptian Jewry. Castro's novellae on several tractates of Talmud were known to the Hidah. Those on tractate Bezah were published under the title Toledot Ya'akov (1865). Hilkhot Nezirut ("Laws of Naziriteship") and Mazkeret Gittin ("Memorandum on Divorce Bills") were printed at the end of the Halakhot Ketannot of R. Jacob Hagiz (Venice, 1704). The manuscript of Castro's collected sermons, Kol Ya'akov, has been lost.

          
Paragraph 2    והוא הגהות על השולחן הטהור [שוחן ערוך], מסודרים על ארבעה טורים. הכינם ... ר' יעקב קשטרו זלה"ה, ונתפשטו הוראותיו במצרים... וסביבותיה... ר' יצחק קשטרו... בכמהר"ר ... יוסף קשטרו זלה"ה נין ונכד להרב המחבר... זכה ... להוציא לאור הדפוס...

דף [2,א]: הקדמת בן... המחבר... ר' יצחק קאשטרו זלה"ה. שני הדפים הראשונים (השער, ההסכמה וההקדמות) נדפסו פעמיים (בלי שינויים בתוכן). ברוב הטפסים מסגרת השער עשויה שני עמודים מקושטים שעליהם נשענת קשת. בהדפסה השניה מסגרת השער מלבנית, מימין ומשמאל שני עמודים שעליהם מטפס בעל-חי.

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0161668; R. A. Ben Simon, Tuv Mizrayim (1908), 19–20; Nissim, in: Sefunot, 2 (1958), 89–102; idem, in Y. Rafael (ed.), Rabbi Joseph Caro (Heb., 1969), 64, 75–81; J. M. Toledano, Ozar Genazim (1960), 213f.; Marx, in: REJ, 89 (1930), 293–304; EJ
        
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Greece-Turkey:    Checked
  
Subject
Halacha:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica