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Bidding Information
Lot #    6019
Auction End Date    11/18/2003 11:00:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Yad David
Title (Hebrew)    יד דוד
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Joseph David Sinzheim
City    Offenbach
Publisher    Zevi Hirsch Segal and his Abraham
Publication Date    1799
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [2], 288 ff., folio, 330:210 mm., wide margins, dampstained, old hand and stamp on title, scattered worming affecting letters. A good copy loose in later boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Novellae by R. Joseph David ben Isaac Sinzheim on tractates Berakhot and Seder Mo’ed. The title page is followed by the author’s introduction, in which he states his purpose as completing the work of R. Hayyim Benveniste’s Keneset ha-Gedolah and R. Aaron Alfandari's Yad Aharon by giving additional source references and comments scattered in other works. He claims to have added comments from no less than 300 works. He makes known the places in the Talmud and the commentaries where there are difficulties and their resolution. He also recounts the difficulties that beset the Jewish community during the French revolution, when yeshivot were closed and sifrei kodesh were burned. He also informs that he called this, the first part of the work, Yad David because he did not have male children. This is the only part ever published. It is followed by a second introduction from his son-in-law, Abraham ben Avi Ezri Zelig Auerbach.

R. Joseph David ben Isaac Sinzheim, (1745–1812), first chief rabbi of France. headed the yeshivah founded by his brother-in-law in Bischheim (1786), later transferred to Strasbourg (1792). The persecutions during the Reign of Terror under Robespierre compelled Sinzheim to escape (1793). On his return, he acted as rabbi of Strasbourg (together with his nephew R. Abraham Auerbach). In 1806 he was appointed to the Assembly of Jewish Notables convened by Napoleon in Paris. His erudition and sagacity impressed many of the delegates from Italy and the German provinces, who accepted him as the leading authority on halakhic problems. R. Sinzheim was therefore entrusted with formulating the replies to the 12 questions put to the assembly by the government to test if Jewish precepts allowed the Jews to live on equitable terms with their French neighbors. He succeeded in satisfying the emperor that the Jews would accept the authority of the state and fulfill their obligations as citizens without giving up the principles of their faith and their traditions. Sinzheim was appointed president of the Great Sanhedrin in 1807 and became chief rabbi of the Central French Consistory on its establishment in 1808. While Sinzheim adopted flexibility in drafting the replies of the assembly, he adamantly opposed any change in the fundamental principles of Jewish tradition and religion as he interpreted them.

          
Paragraph 2    חלק ראשון ... על התלמוד. מסכת ברכות וסדר מועד. מראה מקום שבילי דרך הים הגדול ... אידך פירושא הוא ... אשר הכינותי ... אני ... יוסף דוד בן הרב ... יצחק זינצהיים זצ"ל ...

מתוך הקדמת המחבר: "תכלית חיבורי זה ... לידע כל מקום בתלמוד ומפרשיו אשר נמצא עליו קושי' או תירץ או פירש או הערה בספרים שלא חברו על סדר הש"ס ... את כהל ציינתי על ספר במקומו הראוי". בראש הספר באו גם "דברי חתן הרב המחבר ... אברהם בהרב ... אבי עזרי זעליג אויערבאך זצ"ל מפוסוויילר".

          
Reference
Description
   EJ; Vinograd, Offenbach 140; CD-EPI 0132421
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Novellae:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica