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Bidding Information
Lot #    6029
Auction End Date    11/18/2003 11:20:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Meginnei Shelomo
Title (Hebrew)    מגיני שלמה
Author    [First Ed.] R. Joshua b. Joseph of Cracow
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Solomon Proophs
Publication Date    1715
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [2], 92 f., folio, 290:185 mm., light age and damp staining, old hands on title, wide margins. A good copy loose in later half leather boards, rubbed and split.
   Novellae on eight tractates of the Talmud, in which the Author defends Rashi against the difficulties raised by the tosafists.

R. Joshua b. Joseph of Cracow (1578–1648), was born in Vilna. In his youth he studied under R. Samuel b. Feibush in Przemysl and then in the yeshivot of R. Meir b. Gedaliah of Lublin and R. Joshua Falk of Lemberg. From 1634 to 1639 he served as rabbi in the towns of Grodno, Tiktin, Przemysl, and Lemberg. At the beginning of 1640 he was appointed head of the yeshivah of Cracow in succession to R. Nathan Spira, and from 1640 to 1644 he served there as rabbi in an honorary capacity. He died in Cracow. His pupils included R. Shabbetai b. Meir ha-Kohen, R. Gershon Ulif Ashkenazi, and R. Menahem Mendel Auerbach. Halakhic problems were addressed to him from many countries. He corresponded on kabbalistic topics with his relative, the kabbalist R. Samson b. Pesah of Ostropol. R. Joshua Hoeschel did not follow the method of pilpul; he strove toward greater independence in the domain of halakhah and directive ruling, stating, "according to the custom of our country anything printed in the Shulhan Arukh may not, G-d forfend, be changed, any more than the law of Moses... G-d spare us from such a view. The judge may decide only according to the facts before him... and anyone may disagree, even with the words of the rishonim, if he has definite proof.

In addition to Meginnei Shelomo he wrote the responsa Penei Yehoshu'a (pt. 1, ibid. 1715; pt. 2, 1860), on the four divisions of the Shulhan Arukh. Other responsa were published in various collections of responsa. There remain still in manuscript novellae to the Tur Yoreh De'ah Hilkhot Shehitah, and a commentary to the Asarah Ma'amarot of R. Menahem Azariah de Fano.

Paragraph 2    חדושי הלכות... על גמרא עפ"ת [עם פירושי תוספות] על מסכת שבת, פסחים, ביצה, יבמות, כתובות, קדושין, בבא קמא, חולין, אשר חיבר... ר' יהושע ז"ל שהיה אב"ד בק"ק קראקא... נקרא מגיני שלמה, שהוא מג"ן... על ... ר' שלמה יצחקי ז"ל ומציל אותו מבין... בעלי תוספ' ז"ל... עד שהתעורר לב נכדו הרב... ר' געץ דיין ובני ישיב' דק"ק פוזנן... להוציא לאור...

הסכמות: רבני ארבע ארצות דמדינת פולין: ר' נפתלי הכהן מפוזנן, ר' שאול מקראקא, ר' מרדכי זיסקינד ב"ר משה רוטנבר[ג] מלובלין ור' שמואל ב"ר אברהם סג"ל מרישא, נכד המחבר, יערסלב, יומא דשוקא, י [מר]חשון ת"ס; ר' יהודא ליב ב"ר יצחק אייזק מקראקא, נכד המחבר, שידלוב, ד כיסליו תע"ב; ר' דוד אופנהם, פראג, מנחם [אב] ת"ע; ר' יהודא ליב , גלוגא, ח [מר]חשון תע"ה; ר' יחיאל מיכל ב"ר יהודא ליב, ברלין, כד [מר]חשון תע"ה.

   Friedberg 493.1; Vinograd, Amsterdam 1052; CD-EPI 0139027; EJ; Tchernowitz, Toledot ha-Posekim, 3 (1947), 122, 144 n. 7, 149 n. 11, 154 n. 15, 159; Shulvass, in: Beit Yisrael be-Polin, 2 (1954), 19f.; Zinberg, Sifrut, 3 (1958), 191.
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Holland:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica