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Bidding Information
Lot #    6047
Auction End Date    11/18/2003 11:56:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Sefer ha-Middot
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    R. Jacob of Dubno [R. Baer Pahm, Editor]
City    Vilna
Publisher    Samuel Joseph Fuenn and Abraham Zevi Rosenkranz
Publication Date    1870
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [4], 196 pp., octavo, 200:135 mm., usual light browning. A very good copy bound in later full cloth boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Ethical work by R. Jacob of Dubno (Jacob ben Wolf Kranz, Dubno Maggid) modeled after R. Bahya ibn Paqudas Hovot ha-Levavot. The text was edited by R. Baer Pahm, a student of R. Jacob, who also provides a preface (pp. 1-10) with biographical information about the Dubno Maggid and glosses to the text entitled Shiyyure ha-Middot and Biurei ha-Middot. Sefer ha-Middot describes the attitude required of a Jew in his spiritual relationship with God, as well as the observances required in his practical relationship. The text is arranged in eight shaarim (gates) which discuss such subjects as the knowledge, fear, love, and service of God, and trust, prayer, hate, and arrogance. Each shaar is subdivided into chapters.

R. Jacob of Dubno (Jacob ben Wolf Kranz, 1741-1804) is best known as the Dubno Maggid. His homiletical skills became evident at an early age; he was known as a preacher to his fellow yeshivah students in Mezhirech, where he received his halakhic, and likely his kabbalistic, education. R. Jacob held the post of preacher in Zilkiew, Wlodawa, Kalisz, and Zamosc. His fame as a preacher, however, came in Dubno, where he served for 18years. As his reputation grew, her came into contact with some of thje most prominent rabbis of the times, such as R. Elijah ben Solomon (Vilna Gaon). When the latter was too ill to study, he asked the Dubno Maggid to visit his bedside and read to him his homiletical interpretations, stories, and parables. All of the Dubno Maggids works were printed posthumously by his son, R. Isaac Kranz and his pupil, R. Plahm. The Dubno Maggids major homiletic work is Ohel Yaakov. He also wrote homilies on the Megillot, Kol Yaakov, an exegesis on the Passover Haggadah, and a collectionof homilies called Haftarot. Possessed of great eloquence, he illustrated both his sermons and his homilies with parables taken from human life. The homilies are not simplisitic, but represent the highest achievement of Hebrew homiletic art at that time. Bysuch parable he explained the most difficult passages, and clarified many perplexing questions in rabbinic law. R. Jacob was an eminent rabbinical scholar and on many occasions was consulted as an authority.

          
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Reference
Description
   EJ; Fuenn, Kenesset Yisrael p. 543; JE; Margaliot, Ha-Zefirah, 1902. no. 8. H; Waxman III 741-45; CD-EPI 0164926
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Ethics
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica