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Bidding Information
Lot #    6067
Auction End Date    11/18/2003 12:36:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Mikhlol
Title (Hebrew)    מכלול
Author    R. David Kimhi (Radak)
City    Venice
Publisher    Daniel Bomberg
Publication Date    1545
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   239, 238-268, [1] f., 8 vo., 150:100 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining, all sheets ruled into columns by old hand in pale red ink, stamp on final, Latin hand on title and final, title with small tape repair on verso. A very good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
   A complete grammatical guide to the Hebrew language. Mikhlol, written in two sections; the grammatical portion (Helek ha-Dikduk) which itself came to be known as the Mikhlol (Constantinople, 1532), and the lexicon (Helek ha-Inyan) known independently as the Sefer ha-Shorashim (before 1480). Radak's purpose in composing the Mikhlol was to provide a middle ground between the lengthy and detailed treatises of R. Jonah ibn Janah and R. Judah b. David Hayyuj and the extreme brevity and concision of R. Abraham ibn Ezra and the elder Kimhis. His chief contribution in grammar lies in the arrangement of the material and the popularization of the innovations of his father and brother. These include the division of the vowels into five long and five short, the treatment of the nifal as the passive of the kal, the recognition of the dagesh lene, etc. Seeing himself only as a "gleaner after the reapers," Radak nevertheless made some original contributions, including his distinguishing of the vav consecutive (vav ha-sherut) from the vav conjunctive and his concern for the continued development of the language through the recognition of the legitimacy of post-biblical forms.

R. David Kimhi (known as Radak from the acronym of R abbi D avid K imhi; 1160?–1235?), grammarian and exegete of Narbonne, Provence. The son of R. Joseph Kimhi and brother and pupil of R. Moses Kimhi, R. David was a teacher in his native town and was active in public causes. He is known to have participated in the judgment (between 1205 and 1218) of several contentious persons from Barcelona who dishonored the memory of Rashi. During the Maimonidean controversy of 1232, he undertook a journey to Toledo to gain the support of R. Judah ibn Alfakhar for the Maimonideans. He was prevented from reaching his destination because of illness but his strong defense of Maimonides and the latter's followers together with Ibn Alfakhar's critique of Kimhi have been preserved in the correspondence between them (in Kovez Teshuvot ha-Rambam, Leipzig, 1859, pt. 3).

Paragraph 2    מתוך ההקדמה: "קראתי שמו מכלול, כי רצוני לכלול בו דקדוק הלשון וענינו על דרך קצרה כדי שיהא נקל לתלמידים... ואכתוב תחלה חלק הדקדוק ואחריו חלק הענין ודרכתי בסדורו דרך הראשונים לסדר המלות על סדר האותיות... ואכתוב בתחלה שער דקדוק הפעלים... ואחריו שער דקדוק השמות ואחריו שער דקדוק המלים, אבל בחלק הענין אפרש שלשתם ביחד על סדר האותיות
   Vinograd, Venice 246; CD - EPI 0303136; EJ;
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Listing Classification
16th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Dictionaries & Encyclopedias:    Checked
Other:    Grammar
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica