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Bidding Information
Lot #    6102
Auction End Date    11/18/2003 1:46:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Ein Yisrael (Ein Ya’akov)
Title (Hebrew)    עין ישראל (עין יעקב)
Author    R. Jacob b. Solomon ibn Habib
City    Frankfort a. Main
Publisher    Johann Kelner
Publication Date    1723
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   2 volumes, [1], 249; 234 ff., octavo, 175:95 mm., age stained, corners rounded, few chipped ff., loose in contemporary half leather boards, rubbed and split.
          
Detailed
Description
   Ein Ya’akov printed under the title Ein Yisrael. Ein Ya’akov is the classic collection of aggadah in the Talmud compiled by R. Jacob ben Solomon ibn Habib (c. 1445-c.1515). Ein Ya’akov was among the titles proscribed and burned together with the Talmud after the pope’s bull of August, 1553, and subsequently placed on the Index librorum prohibitorum. The Council of Trent, which permitted the publication of the Talmud in 1564, and certain other works as well, did so by imposing onerous conditions, primarily concerning the expurgation of passages inimical to Christianity, and the substitution of acceptable terms for objectionable ones. Among the other conditions imposed was the prohibition of Hebrew books under their original names. The Talmud, for example, could not be reprinted as such, but could be reissued only if that name were omitted, it now being called shas, and Ein Ya’akov only as Ein Yisrael. Graetz, commenting on this situation, writes, “Strange, indeed, that the pope should have allowed the thing, and forbidden its name! He was afraid of public opinion, which would have considered the contradiction too great between one pope, who had sought out and burnt the Talmud, and the next, who was allowing it to go untouched.”

Ein Ya’akov continued to be published under the name Ein Yisrael in places where Hebrew printing was not restricted by the Inquisition. While many of these imprints may be so named simply because they are copies of earlier editions named Ein Yisrael, those printed in other places, such as this Frankfort a. Main edition, were named Ein Yisrael so that the work might be exported to Italy. Ein Ya'akov remained on the Index librorum prohibitorum until the very end, appearing on the last edition of the Index, issued in 1948.

This edition, in two volumes, was published by Zalman Aptrod and Moses Gumborg at the press of Johann Keller in, “And you shall take a bunch (Aggudat) ולקחתם אגודת (483=1723)” (Exodus 12:22). The first volume contains tractates Berakhot through Shekalim, the second Yevamot through Ukzin.

          
Paragraph 2    עם פירוש מספיק ... כפי אשר נדפסו כבר בברלין [תע"ב] ועתה נתחדשו בכמה תוספות דברים גירסת חדשים וישינים וגירסת היותר טוב מדפוס שניהם באמשטרדם [תע"ד] ובהנזכרים ... נדפס ע"י המשותפים כהר"ר זלמן אפטרוד ומשה גמבורג ... חלק א-ב.

מעבר לשער הקדמה בצורת שיר הפותח: שישו ושמחו הוגי דת אל, חתום: שלמה זלמן אפטרוד. הועתק בשינויים מן השיר של ר' זלמן בארגר שבדפוס אמשטרדם תנ"ח. שמות המחברים נשמטו.

          
Reference
Description
   Graetz, IV p. 589; Heller, 16th Century Book; Slatkine, Shemot ha Sefarim, p. 265. Vinograd, Frankfort a. Main 428; CD-EPI 0106102
        
Associated Images
No images are associated with this listing
  
Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Agadah
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica