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Bidding Information
Lot #    7319
Auction End Date    6/8/2004 10:50:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Giddulei Terumah
Title (Hebrew)    âãåìé úøåîä
Author    [First Ed.] R. Azariah Figo (Picho)
City    Venice
Publisher    Vendramina
Publication Date    1643
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [6], 382 ff., 295:204 mm., wide marings, title trimmed in margins, age and damp staining, some foxing, bound in modern cloth boards.
   R. Figo wrote Giddulei Terumah, a casuistic commentary on the Sefer ha-Terumot of Samuel SardiAt the age of 28, when he was appointed rabbi of Pisa. After the burning of the Talmud in 1553, copies were very scarce, and when Figo wrote his book he possessed only the tractates Bava Kamma, Shevu'ot, and Nazir and had to borrow the other tractates from the neighboring communities. He completed the book in Venice, where he returned in 1627, and became preacher to the Sephardi community.

R. Azariah Figo (Picho; 1579–1647), Italian rabbi and preacher, was born in Venice. In his youth he devoted himself largely to secular studies, but later, regretting the time he had spent “loving the handmaiden” and “neglecting the mistress,” he applied himself wholly to rabbinic studies. At the age of 28, he was appointed rabbi of Pisa. He returned to Venice in 1627, and became preacher to the Sephardi community. R. Figo leaned toward a strict interpretation of Jewish law. He opposed the establishment of a theater in the ghetto of Venice and criticized the members of his community for usury, flaunting their wealth, internecine wrangling, laxity in ritual observances, and sexual irregularities, R. Figo was active in redeeming Jewish captives, and defended the Marranos, declaring them to be Jews. His most important work is his Binah le-Ittim (Venice (?), 1648), a collection of sermons delivered in Venice. They are based on the festivals and fasts of the Jewish calendar, and also include sermons based on Avot on such topics as charity and education. Since its first publication it has been reprinted 50 times. Some of his responsa are found in the Devar Shemu'el (1702) of Samuel Aboab. He died in Rovigo.

   CD-EPI 0170810; EJ; Vinograd, Venice 1643; Yudlov, Mehlman Collection 858
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Listing Classification
17th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica