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Bidding Information
Lot #    8282
Auction End Date    10/19/2004 10:49:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Mirkevet ha-Mishneh
Title (Hebrew)    מרכבת המשנה
Author    [First Ed.] R. Solomon b. Moses of Chelm
City    Frankfort am Oder
Publication Date    1750
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 38, 37-49, 52-128; 18 ff., 330:198 mm., light age staining, wide margins corners rounded, old hands and stamps on title and final. A very good copy loose in later boards, rubbed.
   R. Solomon b. Moses of Chelm (1717–1781), was born at Zamosc, son of a wealthy merchant and scholar, under whom he studied. He apparently came under the influence of a circle of talmudists who pursued secular studies, since, according to his own testimony, he acquired an extensive knowledge of algebra, engineering, astronomy, philosophy, grammar, and logic. In his younger years, while still maintained by his father-in-law R. Moses Parnas, he was, according to R. Mordecai of Lissa, "already renowned for his keen intellect, his erudition and his many distinguished qualities and virtues." His first rabbinical position was at Chelm - hence his name. While there, he published in 1751 Mirkevet ha-Mishneh, which immediately established his reputation. He received a call first to serve as rabbi to the community of Zamosc and district in 1767, a post of considerable importance, and then, in 1771, to Lemberg and district. R. Solomon intervened in several disputes, among them the Cleves Get, in which he supported the validity of the divorce document against the rabbis of Frankfort and others who contended that it was invalid. His signature occurs on the Takkanot of the Council of Four Lands for the years 1742, 1751, and 1753. In 1777, after serving in the rabbinate for six years, he resigned, took leave of his family in Zamosc, and set out for Erez Israel. En route he visited Smyrna and Constantinople (in 1779). He reached Tiberias and apparently went to Salonika as an emissary of Erez Israel, where the printing of parts two and three of Mirkevet ha-Mishneh was interrupted by his sudden death. They were completed there a year later with the assistance of a local philanthropist and R. Joseph Zalmona. His Mirkevet ha-Mishneh (part 1, Frankfort on the Oder, 1751; parts 2 and 3, Salonika, 1782 and New York, 1948; part 3, Jerusalem, 1956) contain novellae on the Talmud and the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides, whom he vehemently defended against the criticisms of R. Abraham b. David of PosquiIres. In the introduction, written in polished rhymed prose, he vigorously attacked those who opposed the study of the sciences, and made several hostile allusions to the pietistic and mystic sects of the era before Israel Ba'al Shem Tov. Because of the metaphorical language some scholars thought mistakenly that he referred to the latter's followers. He wrote Sha'arei Ne'imah, on the intonations of Psalms, Proverbs, and Job (Frankfort on the Oder, 1766), republished by Judah Loeb b. Ze'ev as an addendum to his Talmud Leshon Ivri (Vilna, 1816), and a pamphlet entitled Berekhot be-Heshbon on talmudic arithmetic and measures, appended to part 1 of Mirkevet ha-Mishneh. Other unpublished works are Lev Shelomo, consisting of 32 (the numerical value of "Lev") responsa, mentioned by Hida in Shem ha-Gedolim and Hug ha-Arez on the geography of Erez Israel. He wrote a comprehensive halakhic code in ten volumes, based on the Shulhan Arukh, to which he gave the name Asarah Shulhanot ("Ten Tables"). Only two of them were published - Shulhan Azei Shittim, on the laws of Sabbaths and festivals (Berlin, 1762), and Hakham Lev, on the laws of marriage (Jerusalem, 1927).
Paragraph 2    ... (על... הלכות מס' משנה תורה להרמב"ם) רבנו משה בר מיימון ... חידושים... ליישב ולתרץ השגות... הראב"ד [ר' אברהם ב"ר דוד מפוסקיר] ... והערות המפרשים הראשונים והאחרונים... ולברר וללבן מקום מוצא הדין מסוגיות הש"ס במקום אשר קיצרו המפרשים... חיברו... ר' שלמה אב"ד דק"ק חעלמא (בהרב ... ר' משה זצ"ל מק"ק זאמשטש)

[חלק א]: והנה ארבעה אופנים: אופן אחד... על כל דיני שביתה דהיינו הלכות שבת והלכות עירובין... שביתת עשור... י"ט כסדר... ואופן אחד... על מקומות רבים מס' זרעים וס' עבודה וס' טהרה וכמה וכמה חידושים מלוקטים על כל הי"ד ספרים... ופני השלישי... קונטרס אחרון על השיטה דשמנה עשר דבר גזרו בו ביום [במס' שבת דף יג,ב-יז] וכל הנוגע באפס קצהו מפוזר... בקצוות הש"ס בירר... המחבר... ואופן אחד בארץ... נובלות ופרפראות לחכמה (בחכמת המספר שלמים ושברים וחכמת האלגיברה... ומופתי ההנדסה... בחכמת הגיאומטריאה והתכונה... בסוד העיבור... בחשבונות ומדידה של מצוה) לפרש בהן איזה מקומות בדברי חז"ל בקראו שמו קונטרס ברכות בחשבון. פרנקפורט דאדר, דפוס דאקטר ופראפעסר גרילא, ותשלם מלאכתו (יום ב דח"ה סוכות) שנת ת'ק'ו'ה' [תקי"א, 1750]. לח, לז-מט, נב-קכח; יח דף. [חלק א]: דף [ג]-ה: הקדמת המחבר. עיין: ג. שלום, שתי העדויות הראשונות על חבורת החסידים והבעש"ט, תרביץ, שנה כ, עמ' -232 240; א. בריק, ר' שלמה חעלמא, סיני, כרך סא, תשכ"ז, עמ' קעט-קפד. [חלק א]:יח דף: קונטרס ברכות בחשבון; עלים לתרופה, מפתחות; קונטרס אחרון. [חלק א]:החלוקה בפנים לפי ארבעה חלקים היא החלוקה של ספר משנה תורה בדפוסים.

   CD-EPI 0170517; EJ
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica