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Bidding Information
Lot #    8300
Auction End Date    10/19/2004 11:07:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Benei Ahuvah
Title (Hebrew)    בני אהובה
Author    [First Ed.] R. Jonathan Eibeschutz
City    Prague
Publisher    Schollischen Buchdruckerey
Publication Date    1819
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [4] 82, [1], 25 ff., 341:219 mm., old hand on title, usual age and damp staining, wide margins, small tears in lower margin of title. A very good copy bound in contemporary half leather and marbled paper boards, rubbed and split.
   Novellae on Maimonides in the laws pretaining to women (i.e. divorce, relationships, and marriage).

R. Jonathan b. Nathan Nata Eibeschutz (1690/95–1764), talmudist and kabbalist, a child prodigy, studied in Poland, Moravia, and Prague. In his youth, after the death of his father, he studied in Prossnitz under R. Meir Eisenstadt and R. Eliezer ha-Levi Ettinger, his uncle, and in Vienna under R. Samson Wertheimer. He married the daughter of R. Isaac Spira, the av bet din of Bunzlau. After traveling for some time he settled in Prague in 1715, and in time became head of the yeshivah and a famous preacher. After the death of R. David Oppenheim (1736), he was appointed dayyan of Prague. Elected rabbi of Metz in 1741, he subsequently became rabbi of the “Three Communities,” Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbek (1750). Both in Metz and in Altona he had many disciples and was considered a great preacher.

His position in the Three Communities, however, was undermined when the dispute broke out concerning his suspected leanings toward Shabbateanism. This controversy accompanied R. Eybeschuetz throughout his life, and the quarrel had repercussions in every community from Holland to Poland. His main opponent was R. Jacob Emden, also a famous talmudist and a potential rival in the candidature to the rabbinate of the Three Communities. The quarrel developed into a great public dispute which divided the rabbis of the day. While most of the German rabbis opposed R. Eybeschuetz, his support came from the rabbis of Poland and Moravia. A fruitless attempt at mediation was made by R. Ezekiel Landau, rabbi of Prague. Most of R. Eybeschuetz' own community was loyal to him and confidently accepted his refutation of the charges made by his opponent, but dissension reached such a pitch that both sides appealed to the authorities in Hamburg and the government of Denmark for a judicial ruling. The king favored R. Eybeschuetz and ordered new elections, which resulted in his reappointment. After his reelection as rabbi of the Three Communities, some rabbis of Frankfort, Amsterdam, and Metz challenged him to appear before them to reply to the suspicions raised against him. R. Eybeschuetz refused, and when the matter was brought before the Council of the Four Lands in 1753, the council issued a ruling in his favor. In 1760 the quarrel broke out once more when some Shabbatean elements were discovered among the students of R. Eybeschuetz' yeshivah. At the same time his younger son, Wolf, presented himself as a Shabbatean prophet, with the result that the yeshivah was closed.

Paragraph 2    ...ביאורים על רמב"ם חלק שני הלכות אישות גירושין ואיסורי ביאה חקרם הגאון ... מו"ה יהונתן זצלה"ה. הובא לדפוס ע"י נכדו ... כהר"ר גבריאל בן הרב ... נתן נטע אייבעשיטץ זצ"ל ... חלק א-ג.

לכל חלק שער מיוחד. חלק שלישי כולל בסופו גם כמה תשובות. דף [4]: הקדמה, מאת ר' אורי מדרעזדען, שהביא את הספר לבית הדפוס והוסיף גם הערות וחידושים.

עם הסכמות בי דינא רבא דק"ק פראג: ר' אלעזר פלעקלש, ר' שמואל סג"ל [לנדא] ור' ליב מעליש, ב אייר תקס"ז; בית דין צדק דק"ק ברלין: ר' מאיר ווייל, ר' שמעי' ב"ר חיים ל"ב [לאנדסברג] ור' ליזר סג"ל הורוויץ, כח מרחשון תקס"ח; ר' מרדכי בנעט, ניקלשבורג, כ מנחם-[אב] תקס"ז; ר' דוד לנדא, דרעזן, יט מרחשון תקע"ט.

   CD-EPI 0109183; EJ; M. A. Perlmutter, R. Yehonatan Eybeschuetz ve-Yahaso la-Shabbeta'ut (1947); Mifal ha-Bibliografyah ha-Ivrit, Hoveret le-Dugmah (1964), 13–24
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Bohemia
Novellae:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica