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Bidding Information
Lot #    8306
Auction End Date    10/19/2004 11:13:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Hizuk Emunah
Title (Hebrew)    חזוק אמונה
Author    [Karaite] R. Isaac Troki
City    Jerusalem
Publisher    Israel b. Abraham Bak
Publication Date    1845
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [8], 100 ff., 145:103 mm., usual light age staining. A good copy bound in modern boards.
   R. Isaac Troki (c. 1533–c. 1594), Karaite scholar was born in Troki. Troki's learning earned him the respect and deference of his fellow Karaites, and his knowledge of Latin and Polish enabled him to hold conversations on theological subjects with Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox clergymen, as well as with Socinian and other sectarian adherents. The result of these discussions was his famous apology of Judaism entitled Hizzuk Emunah. Troki himself did not live to complete the work and his pupil Joseph b. Mordecai Malinovski (Troki) supplied it with preface and index.

Troki's reasoned defense of Judaism and his penetrating examination of the vulnerable points of Christian tradition and dogma caused his work to achieve immediate popularity. The work was widely distributed among Rabbanites and translated to several languages. A manuscript copy, apparently amended by a Rabbanite copyist, fell into the hands of Johann Christoph Wagenseil, who published it with a Latin translation and an extensive refutation in his Tela ignea Satanae ("The Fiery Darts of Satan"; Altdorf, 1681). The Latin version made Troki's work accessible to wider Christian circles, and some of his arguments were later taken over by the 18th-century anticlerical writers; Voltaire mentions the Hizzuk Emunah as a masterpiece of its kind. Troki would probably have been dismayed at this notoriety; he no doubt intended to have his work circulate among Jewish scholars only.

Paragraph 2    ... כמו שנדפס באמשטרדם. בשנת כי אז אהפוך אל עמים השפ [!] ב'ר'ו'ר'ה' לקרא' כולם בשם ה' ו'ל'ע'ב'ד'ו' שכ'ם' א'ח'ד'

הקדמת ר' יוסף ב"ר מרדכי נשמטה.

   EJ; CD-EPI 0136683; Halevy, Jerusalem Imprints 28 (has [7] initial)
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
Other:    Faith
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica