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Bidding Information
Lot #    8352
Auction End Date    10/19/2004 11:59:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Shalosh Megilot with Tikkun
Title (Hebrew)    שלש מגלות עם תיקון ליל שבועות והושענא רבה
Author    [Bible - Ms. - Liturgy - Kabbalah]
City    Yemen
Publication Date    18th cent.
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [1], 54; [30]; [2] ff., 215:158 mm., ink on paper, age and use staining, Bible text in neat square block letters surrounded by the Tafsir in neat Yeminite block letters, a beautiful ms. bound in contemporary leather and cloth boards, rubbed.
   The three scrolls Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes, Ruth all with Tafsir and the Rashi commentary, and Tikkun for the seventh night of Sukkot and the first night of Shavu'ot. The three scrolls are recited on the Festive holidays.

Song of Songs is read in the Sephardi ritual before the Minhah service on the afternoon of the seventh day of Passover (eighth day outside Israel). In certain communities, the Song of Songs is also read after concluding the Passover Haggadah on seder night. The association of the Song of Songs with Passover is thought to be due to the traditional rabbinic exegesis which interprets the Song as an allegory of the love between G-d and Israel; Passover is the springtime of this love (Song 2:11–13) and the "honeymoon" of G-d and Israel (Jer. 2:2). In many congregations the Song of Songs is also read on Friday evenings before the Kabbalat Shabbat service, at which the "bride," the Sabbath, is welcomed.

Ruth is read on Shavuot, in the Sephardi rituals, it is divided into two parts and recited on both mornings (or afternoons). The association with Shavuot is based on the seasonal reference to "the beginning of the barley harvest" (Ruth 1:22); on the traditional belief that King David - whose genealogy concludes the book (Ruth 4: 17–22 - was born and died on Shavuot (Tos. to Hag. 17a TJ, Bezah 2:4, 61c); and on the parallel drawn between Ruth's embracing the Jewish faith and Israel's accepting the Torah at Mount Sinai on Shavuot.

Ecclesiastes is recited on the intermediary Sabbath of Sukkot, or on the eighth day of the festival (Shemini Azeret), if the latter coincides with a Sabbath. It is read during the morning service before the reading of the Torah. In some oriental rites, it is read in the sukkah. Ecclesiastes (11:2) has been interpreted by some commentators as an allusion to the duty to rejoice during the eight days of Sukkot (cf. Deut. 16:15). The warning (Eccles. 5:3–4) not to defer the fulfillment of vows (including donations to the poor and to the sanctuary) was also thought to be particularly appropriate at the last festival of the annual cycle. Others have suggested that the somber and pessimistic outlook of Ecclesiastes fits the atmosphere of autumn.

Tikkun for the seventh night of Sukkot ant the first night of Shavu'ot became formalized under the influence of the Kabbalah during the period of R. Isaac Luria and the Shelah. The liturgy includes sections of the Zohar, Idra Rabba, Bible, Mishne, Psalms and other supplications.

For hundreds of years the Yemenite Jewish communities followed their traditional ways of secular and religious life, not being influenced by external trends and currents. Some customs in the Yemenite prayer rites go back to the prayer book of R. Saadiah Ga'on. From the 16th century on the Kabbalah and especially later its Lurianic school and system found its way to Yemen and influenced Jewish literary production in the areas of commentaries to the Bible, prayers, and liturgic poetry. All of this rich history is reflected in this work.

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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Other:    Yemen
Bible:    Checked
Kabbalah:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Other:    Prayerbook
Kind of Judaica