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Bidding Information
Lot #    8377
Auction End Date    10/19/2004 12:24:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Toledot ha-Arez (Toledot ha-Hayyim) Part I
Title (Hebrew)    תולדות הארץ (תולדות החיים) ח'א
Author    [Only Ed.] Joseph ben Benjamin Dov Schoenhack
City    Warsaw
Publisher    H. Bomberg
Publication Date    1841
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 499, [3], pp., 190:120 mm., nice margins, usual age staining, lacks final f. list of supporters. A good copy bound in contemporary half leather boards, rubbed.
   One of the first works on natural science in Hebrew by Joseph Schoenhack. This is part one, Toledot ha-Hayyim, of Schoenhack’s opus on the biological world. This volume has two title pages. The first title page has a decorative frame and gives basic information. At the bottom in Polish is publication information. On the verso are verses, “But ask the beasts, and they shall teach you . . . the Lord has done this?” (Job 12:7-9). The second title page follows, which states that this volume is on the many species of living things, animals and beasts, “The bird of the air, and the fish of the sea” (Psalms 8:9), crawling things, by their names and families (species). All of these wonders relate the awesome glory of God. Schoenhack writes further that he has added 250 new notes to clarify the names of the creatures that appear in the Bible and the works of the rabbis; to explain matters in Scriptures and explain aggadot. There are approbations and commendatory letters from both rabbis and maskilim. The text is in a single column in rabbinic type, excepting headers and initial words. Within Toledot ha-Arez the text is, as noted on the title page, augmented by many footnotes that examine the names of species mentioned in the Bible and in Talmudic literature. The names of the animals are in Hebrew with a German translation (in Hebrew letters). German names are used only when no Hebrew name is available. After the text are errata and then a list of contributors who made publication possible. The final page is lacking and there are stains on the first pages. The front endpaper and cover have owners’ signatures. Nevertheless, this is a fine copy in very good condition.

Joseph ben Benjamin Dov Schoenhack (1812–1870) was born in Tiktin, He was a Hebrew writer and lexicographer. The other parts of Toledot ha-Arez, in addition to Toledot ha-Hayyim, are Toledot ha-Zemanim, and Toledot ha-Muzakim (both 1859). With the help of Schoenhack, Mendele Mokher Seforim determined the names of animals in his book Toledot ha-Teva. Schoenhack also compiled a dictionary, Ha-Mashbir he-Hadash, for the language of the Targum, the Talmud, and the Midrash (1859) based on the Arukh by Nathan of Rome, but he noted the origin of each word and translated it into German (in Hebrew letters). In 1869 he added to Ha-Mashbir a book called Sefer ha-Mill’im, in which he added words not printed in the Arukh.

Paragraph 2    ... הכינותי... יוסף בן בנימין דוב ז"ל שיינהאק מילדי טיקטין המתגורר בסובאלק.

הסכמות: ר' יעקב צבי מעקלענבורג, קאניגסבערג, ה תמוז ת"ר; - חלק א "חכמי הצענזור אשר בווארשא": אברהס יעקב כוכב [שטרן], כט סיוון תר"א (עם שיר הפותח: מה צדקו באמון אמריו); - חלק א יעקב טוגענדהאלד; - חלק א ר' יצחק אייזיק ב"ר יעקב [חבר], טיקטין, ב חנוכה תר"א; - חלק א ר' יהודא בכרך, סייני, יב כסלו תר"א; - חלק א ר' אברהם ב"ר מרדכי , סובאלק, ז טבת תר"א; - חלק א ר' יהושע אייזיק [שפירא], קאלווריעא, יד טבת תר"א. - חלק א

חלק א: הנקרא בשם תולדת החיים... בהמה וחיתו ארץ, צפור שמים ודגי הים, רמשים ותולעים, בשמותם למשפחותיהם, גדלם תארם משכנם וסגולות טבעם... ועוד הוספתי על זה חמשים ומאתים הערות חדשות ומועילות לברר שמות היצורים אשר במקרא ובדברי חז"ל. לבאר הרבה כתובים בתנ"ך, ולגלות אגדות ומאמרים סתומים מחז"ל בש"ס בבלי וירושלמי מדרש רבה ותנחומא. דפוס צבי יעקב באמבערג ושותפו, תר"א. [13], יד-שנט, [5] עמ'. חלק א: שני שערים. הראשון מקוצר.

   EJ; Benjacob p. 619; Vin Warsaw 250; CD-EPI 0169955
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
History:    Checked
Other:    Science
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew, German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica