||Appeal for assistance in the reconstruction of the Emden synagouge, destroyed in an earlier collapse. Signed by R. Abraham Levenstam. The flyer relates the 300 year history of the destroyed synagouge, the fact that no lives were lost in the huge inferno - a miracle, and the cost of restoring the building.
Emden, city in Germany. Legend places the arrival of Jews there in antiquity as exiles after the destruction of the First Temple, and as slaves accompanying the Roman legions after the destruction of the Second Temple. However, the first authentic reference to Jews in Emden dates from the second half of the 16th century. David Gans mentions Jews of Emden in his Zemah David. In 1590 the citizens of Emden complained to the representative of the emperor that the Jews were permitted to follow their religious precepts openly and were exempted from wearing the Jewish badge. Marranos from Portugal passed through Emden on their way to Amsterdam, and a few settled in Emden and returned to Judaism. R. Moses Uri ha-Levy (1594–1620), a former rabbi of Emden who settled in Amsterdam, officiated there as the first hakham of the Portuguese community. The city council of Emden discriminated between the local Jews and the Portuguese, encouraging the latter to settle in the city, while attempting to expel the former. Their attempts, however, were unsuccessful, since the duke intervened in their favor. The judicial rights of the Portuguese Jews were defined in a grant of privilege issued by the city council in 1649, and renewed in 1703. In 1744, when Emden was annexed to Prussia, the Jews there came under Prussian law. In 1762 there was an outbreak of anti-Jewish riots in Emden. In 1808, during the rule of Louis Bonaparte, the Jews in Emden were granted equal civic rights. There were then 500 Jews living in Emden. The rights of the Emden Jews were abolished under Hanoverian rule in 1815, and they did not obtain emancipation until 1842. Noted rabbis of Emden were R. Jacob Emden (1728–1733), and R. Samson Raphael Hirsch (1841–1847).